Bitcoin Mining - 60% RENDITE mit Bitcoin Mining noch ...

Miner Silent 2019 XMR Bytecoin Dashcoin Ethereum Litecoin Ripple Monero PeerCoin Bitcoin Gold

Miner Silent 2019 XMR Bytecoin Dashcoin Ethereum Litecoin Ripple Monero PeerCoin Bitcoin Gold submitted by ososru to Bitcoin4free [link] [comments]

Miner Silent 2019 XMR Bytecoin Dashcoin Ethereum Litecoin Ripple Monero PeerCoin Bitcoin Gold

Miner Silent 2019 XMR Bytecoin Dashcoin Ethereum Litecoin Ripple Monero PeerCoin Bitcoin Gold submitted by Rufflenator to 3bitcoins [link] [comments]

Removed comments/submissions for /u/Environmental_Rate_3

Hi Environmental_Rate_3, you're not shadowbanned, but 29 of your most recent 129 comments/submissions were removed (either automatically or by human moderators).

Comments:

fwpf3kg in Bitcoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
Antminer S19 Pro for $2300? WOW
https://halvmining.com/product/antminer-s19-pro-110ths/
fwopk3h in NiceHash on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
I'm also planning to order 4 units. Until now the best offer is here: https://halvmining.com/product/antminer-z15/
They also offer free shipping.

Submissions:

hjy800 in BitcoinAUS on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy7v8 in CryptoCurrencyTrading on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy7hq in BitcoinSerious on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy6s5 in vertcoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy6lz in CoinBase on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjy64q in dashpay on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhrv in BitcoinCA on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhoy in CryptoCurrency on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhmm in CryptoMarkets on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhlr in litecoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhj2 in bitcoin_uncensored on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxhh3 in BitcoinMarkets on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxf8k in BitcoinBeginners on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxezc in BitcoinUK on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxeww in CryptoCurrencies on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxdar in btc on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxd5u in bitcoincashSV on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjxd2k in bitcoinsv on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx84f in myriadcoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx814 in LCCofficial on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx6o1 in peercoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx6jy in Digibyte on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx6iq in CryptoCurrency on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx421 in acoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx40a in Crown on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjx3ra in curecoin on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
One of the lowest price for an Antminer S19 PRO but even if it's only $2,200, it is still worth it? Considering that cryptomarket will see a new ATH, it is still a good idea to invest in miners?
hjvqox in Horizen on 02 Jul 20 (1pts):
Is This Miner Really Making $700/Month Costing Only $2,300?
I'm a bot. My home is at /CommentRemovalChecker - check if your posts have been removed! (How to use)
Help us expose and stand up to social media bias and censorship!
submitted by RemovedCommentsBot to CommentRemovalChecker [link] [comments]

/r/cryptocurrency - new rule changes, publically accesible mod logs removed as a result

/cryptocurrency updated their rules for the Nth time this year: https://np.reddit.com/CryptoCurrency/comments/d8mgdc/new_rule_changes/
And during this time they also disabled the public moderator logs because transparency is apparently overrated. Last mod logs stop at 9/23: https://modlogs.fyi/CryptoCurrency
Also I got a flair PM from their bot and despite being the highest level poster there (platinum) my available flairs are:
Bitcoin, BitcoinShares, Dogecoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero, Dash, NEM, ETC, Ripple, Factom, NEO, OMG, ARK, SIA, Peercoin, Nxt, Namecoin, Waves, Iota, ZCASH
Altcoiner, Developer, Miner, Trader, Investor, Observer, Student, Entrepreneur, Analyst, Moon, Gentleman, Fan
Do you see any top 5 coins missing from the available flairs, like for example Bitcoin Cash? Totally not biased.
edit: I got them to add the Bitcoin Cash flair finally after 2 years.
submitted by 500239 to btc [link] [comments]

How to assign custom flair via InstaMod

Hey there /CryptoCurrency! I'm the developer of the bot InstaMod which is responsible for the automatic flair on this subreddit. You can read more about how InstaMod works on this subreddit here, but today I'm here to talk about assigning custom flair.
If you are in the top 10% of contributors on this subreddit, then you have the ability to overwrite your automatic flair assign a custom one. Users who achieve this status are notified via a PM from InstaMod with instructions on how to go about applying that flair. However, recently there was a bug which resulted in users not being able to assign flair, so I'd like to give everyone a refresher on how to correctly go about this process now that it's been resolved.
This link is a pre-formatted PM message which will allow you to assign custom flair. Simply fill out the flair and CSS sections (or leave them blank) and the bot will promptly respond with a confirmation that your flair was updated. If you do not have the permissions to apply custom flair then the bot will reply informing you of that. Here is a list of the current CSS options available:
Bitcoin, BitcoinShares, Bitcoin Cash fan, Dogecoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero, Dash, NEM, ETC, Ripple, Factom, NEO, OMG, ARK, SIA, Peercoin, Nxt, Namecoin, Waves, Iota, ZCASH, Altcoiner, Developer, Miner, Trader, Investor, Observer, Student, Entrepreneur, Analyst, Moon, Gentleman, Fan
If you have any questions, suggestions, or issues feel free to let me know in the comments. There are some additional features that I hope to add into InstaMod in the near future so stay tuned!
submitted by shimmyjimmy97 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Understanding different Consensus Mechanisms

Understanding different Consensus Mechanisms

https://preview.redd.it/a8khq1zpfdx41.png?width=1920&format=png&auto=webp&s=a572570acbf0ab6a07dcf8af86009b6917295935
The BlockChain network consists of a series of nodes that form a distributed architecture. These nodes need to be aligned and run synchronously to maintain security in the network. Thus the concept of Consensus is devised to maintain harmony in the blockchain network.
A Consensus mechanism can be defined as a process where all the nodes abide by the same rules or protocols. These consensus mechanisms are very important for a blockchain network to function properly. The network is shared by numerous users who do transactions. These transactions are further validated to add it to the block and then to the chain. Thus the transactions, as well as the network, need to be regularly checked to maintain the safety and security of the network. Thus a good consensus mechanism or protocol is mandatory to protect the network from various attacks.
These protocols should be efficient, secure, reliable, and real-time so that they can check the authenticity of transactions and to which the network participants commonly agreed to the outcome.
Different Consensus Mechanism
There are different kinds of consensus mechanism which are based on different principles.
https://preview.redd.it/92dw63bifdx41.jpg?width=595&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=d461c4099a4e3aaa3c4cae69eb7c535dd21c6193
1. Proof of Work (PoW)
Proof of Work was the first-ever consensus mechanism and was adopted by Bitcoin. It became very famous after that and was later implemented on Ethereum, Litecoin, etc. The algorithm is based on solving a complex mathematical puzzle which is very hard to crack. The node which solves it then broadcasts the outcome for verification. Once verified, the blocks are added to the network. This algorithm also rewards the miner who solves the puzzle.
Though PoW has provided the desired security which is very much needed to make the network bulletproof against hackers it was criticized over the years due to its high energy and resource requirements which are needed to solve the complex mathematical puzzles. But this is also the reason why the Bitcoin network is so valuable.
2. Proof of Stake (PoS)
This algorithm is based upon the stake of validators. The validators are decided based on a combination of different factors which includes the staking age and the node’s wealth. Any network user who wants to participate in the forging activity stake a certain amount of coin into the network. This is done by sending a special transaction that will lock up their base cryptocurrency (in Ethereum's case, ether). The stake size determines the chances of a node to be selected as the next validator who will forge the next block. The bigger the stake, the higher the chances.
This algorithm was introduced in 2011 with the idea to solve the problems with Proof of Work.
Some of the crypto coins like Nxt (NXT), Blackcoin, ShadowCoin, and Peercoin (PPC) use the PoS method. Ethereum (ETH) is also switching to a PoS system.
Advantages:
· Enhanced Security
· More decentralization
· Less energy
· Higher transparency
3. Proof of Authority (PoA)
In the PoA consensus model, the identity is chosen as the form of stake rather than staking tokens. It is an enhanced version of Proof of Stake. A group of validators is already chosen as the authority. Their task is to check and validate all the newly added identities, validate transactions, and blocks to add to the network. To ensure efficiency and security in the network the validator group is usually kept small (~25 or less).
PoA was proposed by a group of developers in March 2017 (coined by Gavin Wood) as a blockchain-based on the Ethereum protocol. It was developed with the idea to solve the problem of spam attacks on Ethereum’s Ropsten test network. The new network was named Kovan. It is the main test network for all Ethereum users today.
Projects using PoA: Kovan, Rinkeby, TomoChain, Swarm City, Go Chain, etc.
Characteristics of a PoA Network:-
· Less energy consumption as compared to PoW.
· No communication is required to reach the consensus between the nodes.
· Network operation is independent of the number of available genuine nodes.
· The chance of a node to become a forge depends upon both its stake and overall holding.
4. DPOS (Delegated Proof of Stake)
In 2014, Dan Larimer developed the Delegated Proof of Stake (DPoS) consensus algorithm. This algorithm is considered more efficient than the preceding PoS mechanism.
A DPoS algorithm is based on a voting system where stakeholders cast their votes to a third-party to outsource the work. These delegates are referred to as witnesses and are responsible for the generation and validation of new blocks. The voting power is proportional to the number of coins each user holds. Also, it varies from project to project. Each delegate presents an individual proposal when asking for votes. The rewards received by the delegates are proportionally shared with their respective electors.
Since a DPoS system is based on a voting system and is maintained by the voters, hence it is directly dependent on the delegates’ reputation. Due to this, the delegates are motivated to be honest and efficient, or else they will get voted out.
Cryptocurrency projects that make use of DPoS consensus algorithm- Bitshares, Steem, Ark, and Lisk.
The main advantage of DPOS is that it is more scalable i.e it can process more transactions per second (TPS) as compared to POW and PoS.
5. Hybrid PoW/PoS
The idea behind developing a hybrid Proof of Work and Proof of Stake systems is to maximize the advantages and minimize the disadvantage of both approaches (PoW/PoS).
This method allows mining and staking to create a balance between those outside the community (the miners) and those inside the community (the stakeholders).In this model, the PoW miners create new blocks that contain transactions to be added to the blockchain. As these blocks have been created, the PoS miners vote on whether or not to confirm them. PoS miners stake a portion of their tokens; the larger the stake, greater will be the voting power. However, rather than counting the total vote count to check the validity of the newly created block, the hybrid consensus mechanism randomly chooses 5 'votes' to determine the validity; if 3 out of the 5 chosen votes are positive, the block is confirmed and added to the blockchain. As a reward, PoW miners receive 60% of the block reward, PoS miners receive 30%, and the remaining 10% is dedicated to developmental efforts.
By using PoS voting, these systems protect the network from a 51% attack because it provides an additional layer of verification.
6. Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance (dBFT)
This consensus algorithm was invented by the developers of NEO, one of the world's largest platforms for building and deploying decentralized applications (dApps). The method is very similar to PoS,i.e vote to choose delegates and speakers.
All NEO token holders (ordinary nodes) have the right to vote for delegates irrespective of the number of tokens that they hold.
Any token holder can become a delegate if he fulfills the following criteria:-
· Reliable internet connection.
· Specific equipment.
· 1,000 GAS.
A speaker is chosen randomly out of these delegates. These speakers are expected to keep track of all the transactions and record them on the network. A new block is formed from the transactions that need to be validated. Once formed, the speaker sends the proposal of verifications to the elected delegates. If more than two-thirds of the delegates reach a consensus and validate it, the block is added to the blockchain.
Let me know in the comments what you feel about this article. Do read my other articles where I dig deeper into various technical aspects of Blockchain.
submitted by RumaDas to u/RumaDas [link] [comments]

Nuv mining | Can You Creat a Ton Of Money Via Bitcoin Mining?

Consumers, investors, fanatics or even technology smart geeks may be wonderful Bitcoin enthusiasts. They can even follow all Bitcoin information as well as have a solitary inquiry in mind. People might simply want to figure out, whether an optimistic future can be taken of mining different cryptocurrencies. Well, it's not a trick or stunning paid announcement. Mining of cryptocurrencies can be a smart step, aside from being a financially rewarding one. And also the appeal of Bitcoin market can not be denied as well. The Bitcoin boom of 2013 and its huge rise in value brought about its reputation. The roller-coaster ride of Bitcoin as well as the other cryptocurrencies, called as Altcoins, discovered a location of reputation in each dictionary of the world. Digital currencies have actually earned adequate direct exposure, and a mining occupation including them can really supply earnings. The miners nevertheless, have to have three points - adequate time, adequate money and an unequaled perseverance.
nuv mining
The initial hurdle involves the option of a cryptocurrency. A fanatic can go on to mine Bitcoin. Or instead pick to extract other readily available cryptocurrencies, Dogecoin, Litecoin or Peercoin. In other words, miners have a lot of options. Comparable to stock, even cryptocurrencies have classifications, blue chip or dime. Mining the blue chip category is commonly associated with security, integrity and a greater amount of profit. Financial on these attributes, individuals are much more inclined towards Bitcoin mining, even if it includes utilizing an enormous computer power. Altcoins, on the other hand, can also offer a fair gain as algorithms are less complex. However with Altcoins, simplicity of mining as well as the potential gains are not always proportional.
nuvmining
Hardware is an element that begins to disclose the real examination. Also a techno-savvy miner can not refute the Bitcoin problem linked to brand-new block generation. The point is to decide upon the computing power to be used. For Bitcoins, algorithms have come to be difficult to hash. Thus, GPUs of gigantic power combined with high-end RAMs and also reputable hard disk drives have to do all the task. The point is to hash at a quick price. Several high-end GPUs running together can speed up block generation and also consequently the payouts. On the various other hand, picking an item of software could not be as tricky. Windows can be selected as the required OS, yet open-source Linux does a far better job. One more demand is a digital wallet. Extracted money have to be kept. One can keep it locally on hard-drive or remotely online. A miner just has to select wisely.
With hardware and software in position, the task of mining begins. A miner may do it all alone, as well as collect all advantages. However the gear has to be tremendously effective. So it's fairly doubtful. Mining pools appear to be a sensible solution as people team up to contribute hash power and makers. Thus coins obtain extracted at a great speed. Collaborating has its advantages; miners get their reasonable share. Multipool is an economical choice. If Altcoin mining is to be embarked on, Middlecoin should be the miner's choice. So with all the active ingredients in place, a profitable mining gear can start. First investment may seem overwhelming, however the earnings are worthwhile!
submitted by Nuvmining to u/Nuvmining [link] [comments]

[POOL] COINMINERZ.COM MULTI ALGO – PROP – 1% FEE – NO REGISTRATION – ASICBOOST – AUTO HOURLY PAYMENTS OVER 0.1 - FRIENDLY SUPPORT – STRATUM & WEBSITE DOS PROTECTION

Hi welcome to the CoinMinerz.com Reddit post! Please find below information on our pool and its current offerings. We hope that you will join us and have a happy mining experience :) We are always looking to grow our mining community and welcome any feedback so we can improve our services for our miners. Happy to get coin addition requests and help out the wider crypto community where we can!
Features:
Multi Algo/Coin Pool – PROP Payment System – 1% Fee – No Registration – ASICBoost enabled on all SHA256 pools – Auto Hourly Payments over 0.1 - Friendly & Fast Support via email and Discord – Stratum & Website DOS Protection – Protected by Cloudflare – High difficulty Mining Rig Rentals & Nicehash friendly – Stats auto update across the site – Variable Difficulty Stratums – SSL – Dedicated Coin Pool Pages – Pool News & Updates page – Segregated stratum/web and payment services for each coin to minimize downtime – Payouts are in the currency being mined – Support legacy and new address types – Worker name support and dashboard for each wallet address to track workers.
Algorithms Supported:
SHA256 / Scrypt / X11 / Lyra2v3 / Equihash / ZHash / X16rv2

Coins Supported:
Auroracoin (AUR) – Scrypt (XX46)
Axe (AXE) – X11 (XX59)
Bitcoin (BTC) – SHA256 (XX33) – ASICBoost Enabled
BitcoinAtom (BCA) – SHA256 (XX54) – ASICBoost Enabled
BitcoinCash (BCA) – SHA256 (XX34) – ASICBoost Enabled
BitcoinGold (BTG) – Equihash 144,5/ZHASH (XX44)
BitcoinSV (BSV) – SHA256 (XX64) – ASICBoost Enabled
Cannabiscoin (CANN) – X11 (XX51)
Dash (DASH) – X11 (XX40)
Deutsche eMark (DEM) – SHA256 (XX39) – ASICBoost Enabled
Digibyte (DGB) – Scrypt (XX57)
Digibyte (DGB) –SHA256 (XX37) – ASICBoost Enabled
Dogecoin (DOGE) – Scrypt (XX63)
Einsteinium (EMC) – Scrypt (XX43)
EUNO – (EUNO) – X11 (XX58)
Flo – (FLO) – Scrypt (XX52)
GameCredits (GAME) – Scrypt (XX42)
Hanacoin (HANA) – Lyra2v3 (XX55)
Horizen (ZEN) – Equihash (XX60)
Litecoin (LTC) – Scrypt (XX35)
LitecoinCash (LCC) – SHA256 (XX49) – ASICBoost Enabled
LitecoinPlus (LCP) – Scrypt (XX38)
Mincoin (MNC) – Scrypt (XX53)
Peercoin (PEER) – SHA256 (XX36) – ASICBoost Enabled
Ravencoin (RVN) – X16rv2 (XX61)
Verge (XVG) – Scrypt (XX41)
Vertcoin (VTC) – Lyra2v3 (XX50)
ZCash (ZEC) – Equihash (XX56)

Stratum Addresses & Ports:
stratum+tcp://stratum.coinminerz.com:33XX – Normal mining rigs & GPU’s etc
stratum+tcp://stratum.coinminerz.com:35XX – Mining Rig Rentals / Nicehash etc

Example normal and cloud mining stratum connections for Litecoin:
stratum+tcp://stratum.coinminerz.com:3335
stratum+tcp://stratum.coinminerz.com:3535

Stratum Difficulties:
Scrypt 33XX Port Vardiff = 0.1 - 9999999 | Scrypt 35XX Port Vardiff = 500001 - 9999999
SHA256 33XX Port Vardiff = 0.1 - 9999999 | SHA256 35XX Port Vardiff = 500001 - 9999999
X11 33XX Port Vardiff = 0.1 - 9999999 | X11 35XX Port Vardiff = 32 - 9999999
Lyra2v3 33XX Port Vardiff = 0.1 - 9999999 | Lyra2v3 35XX Port Vardiff = 64 - 9999999
Equihash 33XX Port Vardiff = 0.01 - 9999999 | Equihash 35XX Port Vardiff = 65535 - 9999999
Zhash 33XX Port Vardiff = 0.01 - 9999999 | Zhash 35XX Port Vardiff = 1025 - 9999999
X16rv2 33XX Port Vardiff = 1 - 9999999 | X16rv2 35XX Port Vardiff = 9 - 9999999

Get started here:
https://coinminerz.com/go (Coins, Algos, Addresses, Ports and Difficulty)

Frequently asked questions:
https://coinminerz.com/faqs

Pool Terms and Conditions:
https://coinminerz.com/terms

Mining Support Info:
[email protected]
https://discord.gg/ksnQFPT

Social Feeds:
https://twitter.com/coinminerz
https://www.facebook.com/coinminerz

Thanks!
Kind Regards,
CoinMinerz.com
submitted by coinminerzcom to u/coinminerzcom [link] [comments]

What do you guys think of Proof of Stake mining that's been implemented in coins like Peercoin? I feel like a lot of people here will downvote this just because it has to do with altcoins.

Proof of stake seems highly innovative and I would like to know how bitcoiners in general feel about it.
submitted by djillryan to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Crypto Telegram Groups

Cryptocurrencies:
@AelfBlockchain - ELF@Aeternity - AE@ArdorPlatform - ARDR@ArkEcosystem - ARK@AugurProject - REP@BATProject - BAT@BeamPrivacy - BEAM@LetsLiveBela - BELA@BitbayOfficial - BCN@Bitcoin - BTC@BitcoinCore - BTC@BitcoinCashFork - BCH@BitcoinGoldHQ - BTG@Bitshares_Community - BTS@BSVChat - BSV@BTTBitTorrent - BTT@BytecoinChat - BCN@BytomInternational - BTM@CallistoNet - CLO@CardanoGeneral - ADA@CentralityOfficialTelegram CENNZ@CloakProject - CLOAK@ChainLinkOfficial - LINK@CosmosProject - ATOM@Counterparty_XCP - XCP@CryptoComOfficial - MCO@CyberMilesToken - CMT@Dash_Chat - DASH@Decred - DCR@Dfinity - DFN@DigiBytecoin - DGB@DigixDAO - DGD@TheDogeHouse - DOGE@Electracoin - ECA@Emercoin_Official - EMC@EnigmaProject - ENG@EOSProject - EOS@EthClassic - ETC@Ether - ETH@EUNOofficial - EUNO@Everipedia - IQ@FactomFCT - FCT@Filecoin - FIL@GnosisPM - GNO@Grincoin - GRIN@Groestl - GRS@Hyperledger@IOTAtangle - IOTA@KomodoPlatform_Official - KMD@KyberNetwork - KNC@LAToken - LA@Litecoin - LTC@MaidSafeCoin - MAID@MakerDAOOfficial - MKR@Monero - XMR@Namecoin - NMC@Navcoin - NAV@Nemred - XEM@Neo_Blockchain - NEO@NervaXNV - XNV@Nimiq - NIM@NxtCommunity - NXT@OmiseGo - OMG@OmniLayer - OMNI@OntologyNetwork - ONT@Peercoin - PPC@PolymathNetwork - POLY@QtumOfficial - QTUM@RavencoinDev - RVN@Ripple - XRP@RSKOfficialCommunity - RIF@Siacoin - SIA@SirinLabs - SRN@Sonm_Eng - SNM@StellarLumens - XLM@StratisPlatform - STRAT@TezosPlatform - XTZ@TronNetworkEN - TRX@UnobtaniumUNO - UNO@Vechain_Official_English - VET@VertcoinCrypto - VTC@Viacoin - VIA@ViberateOfficial - VIB@VSYSOfficialGroup - VSYS@WavesCommunity - WAVES@ZB_English - ZB@ZCashco - ZEC@ZClassicCoin - ZCL@ZCoinProject - XZC

Crypto Communities:
@Aetrader - EN@Allemaalrijk - NL@Altcoins - EN @ArgenPool - ES@AussieCrypto - EN @UKBitcoin - EN@Binarydotcom - EN@BitcoinChat - EN @BitcoinInvestimento - PT @BitNovosti - RU @BitUniverse - EN@BlockhcainMinersGroup - EN@BsodPool - RU@BTCFinland - EN@BTChat - RU@BullBearr - EN@CoinFarm - EN @CoinGecko - EN @CoinMarketCap - EN @CoinPaprika - EN @CrypticIndia - EN@Crypto_CN - ZH @Crypto_ON - RU @CryptoAdvisorOfficial - EN@CryptoAquarium - EN @CryptoBeats - EN @CryptoBoerderij - NL @CryptoCharity - EN@CryptoCoinClub - EN@CryptoExpo_Moscow - RU@CryptoGene - EN@CryptoGifs - EN @CryptoGurusOfficial - EN@CryptoInsidersLobby -@CryptoHispanonet - ES@CryptoMining - EN @CryptoMondayDE - DE@CryptoOnMining - RU@CryptoRomania - RO @CryptoTipsChatFR - EN@CrypVision - DE @ElijaBoomC - EN@FanaticosCriptos - PT @ICOCountdown - EN@ILoveNina - EN@IndiaBits - EN @Kampungkoin - EN@KriptoTurkiye - TR @KryptoCoinsDE - DE@KryptoDETrading - DE @KryptoVerSteuerung - DE@MinerSpeak - EN@MiningBazar - RU @MMCryptoENG - EN@RepublicCrypto - EN@SideChains - EN@SmartContracts - EN@SportsBet - EN @StrapeCharts - EN@TamilBTC - EN@TheCoinFarm - EN @TheCryptoMob - EN@TokenMarket - EN@TrezorTalk - EN@Trollbox - EN @WCSETalks - EN@WhaleClub - EN (Invite Only)@WhaleClubClassRoom - EN@WhalePoolBTC - EN @WhaleTankChat - EN@XMRMine - EN
Crypto News Channels:
@AltCoin - EN@Avalbit - EN@Bit_Novosti - RU @BitcoinBravado - EN @BitcoinChannel - EN@BitcoinExchangeGuide - EN@BitcoinMagazinebot - EN @BitOracle - RU@BitRu - RU@CDiamonds - EN@Coin_Analyse - DE@CoinCentral - EN@CoinDesk - EN @CoinGape - EN@CoinNewsChannel - EN@CoinNewsDE - DE@CoinTelegraph - EN @Cointified - EN @Cripto247 - ES@CriptoNoticias - ES @Crypto_News_Channel - EN@CryptoAlerts - EN @CryptoAMB - EN@CryptoAsiaNews - ZH @CryptoChan - RU@CryptoClubAlerts - EN@CryptoCurrency - EN@CryptoExplorerChannel - EN@CryptoMartez - EN@CryptoNinja_News - EN@CryptoNyka - RU@CryptoRankNews - EN @CryptoSentinel - EN@CryptoSeson2020 - EN@CryptoSlateNews - EN@CryptoSnippets - EN@DecentralBox - DE @ForkLog - RU @JingBao - ZH @Krepta_News - RU@Krypto_Deutschland - DE@KryptoNachrichten - DE@NewCryptoJournal - EN@MGonCrypto - EN @OneMinuteLetter - EN@RichardsCalls - EN@SmartLiquidNews - EN@TheBCJ - RU @TONorg - EN @Unfolded - EN @WhalebotAlerts - EN @Xblockchain - FA

Trading Analysis:
@Altchica - EN@AltcoinWhales - EN @AnhemTrader - VI@Bitafta - EN@CacheStation - EN @Checksig - EN @CryptoCharters - EN @CryptoCredTA - EN @CryptoInMinutes - EN@CryptoScanner100Eyes - EN @ExcavoChannel - EN@KXiantu - ZH @Pierre_Crypt0_Public - EN@PsychoChromatic - EN @SalsaTekila - EN@ScalpingMF - EN@T45Investments - RU@TASmartAlerts - EN@TheLionDen - EN@TraderMillClub - EN@WCSEChannel - EN@WCSERussia - RU@WhaleTank - EN@WinterWolvesTA - EN @WolfPackSignals - EN
Indicator Bots:
@Crypto_Scanner - EN@CryptoQuantBotChannel - EN@BitmexRekts - EN@BounceBotBin - EN@Coin_Pulse - EN@Coin_Pulse_Listing - EN@CoinTrendz - EN @CryptoChan_HighLowPulse - EN @DataLightMe - EN@WallMonitor - EN @Whale_Alert_io - EN @WhaleCalls - EN @WhalepoolBTCFeed - EN @WhaleSniper - EN
submitted by Aztek_btc to cryptogroups [link] [comments]

Meet /u/InstaMod, the bot in charge of your flairs and more!

InstaMod: An Automoderator-like bot which allows moderators to create custom actions based on a user's account activity

FAQ

Bitcoin, Litecoin,Ethereum, Ripple, Dash, NEM, NEO, Iota, Monero, ETC, OMG, ZCASH, BitShares, Dogecoin, Factom, SIA, ARK, Peercoin, Namecoin, Nxt, Waves, Moon, Fan, Analyst, Gentleman, Trader, Observer, Developer, Altcoiner, Investor, Miner, Student, Entrepreneur, Pacifier

PM Commands

Custom Flair: Users who meet the specified criteria will receive a PM that looks like this. The link will open up a preformatted message which will look like this. Simply replace the capitalized text with whatever text you would like your flair to say. Do not change the subject or reply to the bot as if it were a real human. This is an automated process and the syntax must be correctly followed for it to function properly. If you have the proper permissions, please click here to open up the custom flair PM.

Additional Information

InstaMod on Github

/CryptoCurrency Wiki Page

Configuration Documentation

/CryptoCurrency Settings

Created by shimmyjimmy97

If you have any additional questions about the bot, please direct them to shimmyjimmy97. If you are interested in having this bot run on your subreddit, feel free to contact me and I'll be more than happy to discuss it with you.
submitted by shimmyjimmy97 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

If you think you missed out on the internet craze then give Cryptocurrency a shot!

If You Idea You Missed Out On The Web Earnings Transformation Attempt CryptoCurrency
When the majority of people consider cryptocurrency they may too be considering puzzling currency. Really couple of individuals appear to understand what it is and for some factor everybody appears to be speaking about it as if they do. This report will ideally debunk all the elements of cryptocurrency so that by the time you're ended up reading you will have a respectable concept of what it is and what it's everything about.
You might discover that cryptocurrency is for you or you might not however a minimum of you'll have the ability to talk with a degree of certainty and understanding that others will not have.
There are lots of people who have actually currently reached millionaire status by handling cryptocurrency. Plainly there's a great deal of cash in this brand name brand-new market.
Cryptocurrency is electronic currency, brief and easy. Nevertheless, what's not so brief and basic is precisely how it comes to have worth. Check out our guide on how to sell btc to figure out how you can turn that beloved coin into cold hard cash.
Cryptocurrency is a digitized, virtual, decentralized currency produced by the application of cryptography, which, according to Merriam Webster dictionary, is the "digital encoding and decoding of info". Cryptography is the structure that makes debit cards, computer system banking and eCommerce systems possible.
Cryptocurrency isn't backed by banks; it's not backed by a federal government, however by an exceptionally complex plan of algorithms. Cryptocurrency is electrical power which is encoded into complicated strings of algorithms. What provides financial worth is their complexity and their security from hackers. The manner in which crypto currency is made is merely too hard to replicate.
Cryptocurrency remains in direct opposition to what is called fiat cash. Fiat cash is currency that gets its worth from federal government judgment or law. The dollar, the yen, and the Euro are all examples. Any currency that is specified as legal tender is fiat cash.
Unlike fiat cash, another part of what makes crypto currency important is that, like a product such as silver and gold, there's just a limited quantity of it. Just 21,000,000 of these very complicated algorithms were produced. No more, no less. It can't be changed by printing more of it, like a federal government printing more cash to pump up the system without support. Or by a bank changing a digital journal, something the Federal Reserve will advise banks to do to change for inflation.
Cryptocurrency is a method to acquire, offer, and invest that totally prevents both federal government oversight and banking systems tracking the motion of your cash. In a world economy that is destabilized, this system can end up being a steady force.
Cryptocurrency likewise offers you a good deal of privacy. Regrettably this can result in abuse by a criminal aspect utilizing crypto currency to their own ends simply as routine cash can be misused. Nevertheless, it can likewise keep the federal government from tracking your every purchase and attacking your individual privacy.
Cryptocurrency can be found in many kinds. Bitcoin was the very first and is the requirement from which all other cryptocurrencies pattern themselves. All are produced by careful alpha-numerical calculations from a complex coding tool. Some other cryptocurrencies are Litecoin, Namecoin, Peercoin, Dogecoin, and Worldcoin, among others. These are called altcoins as a generalized name. The costs of each are controlled by the supply of the particular cryptocurrency and the need that the marketplace has for that currency.
The method cryptocurrency is brought into presence is rather interesting. Unlike gold, which needs to be mined from the ground, cryptocurrency is simply an entry in a virtual journal which is saved in different computer systems all over the world. These entries need to be 'mined' utilizing mathematical algorithms. Private users or, most likely, a group of users run computational analysis to discover specific series of information, called blocks. The 'miners' discover information that produces a specific pattern to the cryptographic algorithm. At that point, it's used to the series, and they have actually discovered a block. After a comparable information series on the block compares with the algorithm, the block of information has actually been unencrypted. The miner gets a benefit of a particular quantity of cryptocurrency. As time goes on, the quantity of the benefit reduces as the cryptocurrency ends up being scarcer. Contributing to that, the intricacy of the algorithms in the look for brand-new blocks is likewise increased. Computationally, it ends up being more difficult to discover a coordinating series. Both of these circumstances come together to reduce the speed in which cryptocurrency is produced. This mimics the trouble and deficiency of mining a product like gold.
Now, anybody can be a miner. The pioneers of Bitcoin made the mining tool open source, so it's totally free to anybody. Nevertheless, the computer systems they utilize run 24 hr a day, 7 days a week. The algorithms are exceptionally intricate and the CPU is running complete tilt. Numerous users have actually specialized computer systems made particularly for mining cryptocurrency. Both the user and the specialized computer system are called miners.
Miners (the human ones) likewise keep journals of deals and serve as auditors, so that a coin isn't replicated in any method. This keeps the system from being hacked and from running amok. They're spent for this work by getting brand-new cryptocurrency weekly that they preserve their operation. They keep their cryptocurrency in specialized files on their computer systems or other individual gadgets. These files are called wallets.
submitted by AccomplishedWelder4 to cryptochat [link] [comments]

An extensive list of blockchain courses, resources and articles to help you get a job working with blockchain.

u/Maximus_no and me spent some time at work collecting and analyzing learning material for blockchain development. The list contains resources for developers, as well as business analysts/consultants looking to learn more about blockchain use-cases and solutions.

Certifications and Courses

IIB Council
Link to course: IIB council : Certified Blockchain Professional
C|BP is an In-Depth, Industry Agnostic, Hands-On Training and Certification Course specifically tailored for Industry Professionals and Developers interested in implementing emerging technologies in the Data-Driven Markets and Digitized Economies.
The IIB Council Certified Blockchain Professional (C|BP) Course was developed to help respective aspiring professionals gain excessive knowledge in Blockchain technology and its implication on businesses.
WHO IS IT FOR:

Professionals

C|BP is developed in line with the latest industry trends to help current and aspiring Professionals evolve in their career by implementing the latest knowledge in blockchain technology. This course will help professionals understand the foundation of Blockchain technology and the opportunities this emerging technology is offering.

Developers

If you are a Developer and you are willing to learn blockchain technology this course is for you. You will learn to build and model Blockchain solutions and Blockchain-based applications for enterprises and businesses in multiple Blockchain Technologies.

Certified Blockchain Business Foundations (CBBF)

This exam is designed for non-technical business professionals who require basic knowledge about Blockchain and how it will be executed within an organization. This exam is NOT appropriate for technology professionals seeking to gain deeper understanding of Blockchain technology implementation or programming.

A person who holds this certification demonstrates their knowledge of:

· What is Blockchain? (What exactly is it?)
· Non-Technical Technology Overview (How does it work?)
· Benefits of Blockchain (Why should anyone consider this?)
· Use Cases (Where and for what apps is it appropriate?)
· Adoption (Who is using it and for what?)
· Future of Blockchain (What is the future?)

Certified Blockchain Solution Architect (CBSA)

A person who holds this certification demonstrates their ability to:

· Architect blockchain solutions
· Work effectively with blockchain engineers and technical leaders
· Choose appropriate blockchain systems for various use cases
· Work effectively with both public and permissioned blockchain systems

This exam will prove that a student completely understands:

· The difference between proof of work, proof of stake, and other proof systems and why they exist
· Why cryptocurrency is needed on certain types of blockchains
· The difference between public, private, and permissioned blockchains
· How blocks are written to the blockchain
· Where cryptography fits into blockchain and the most commonly used systems
· Common use cases for public blockchains
· Common use cases for private & permissioned blockchains
· What is needed to launch your own blockchain
· Common problems & considerations in working with public blockchains
· Awareness of the tech behind common blockchains
· When is mining needed and when it is not
· Byzantine Fault Tolerance
· Consensus among blockchains
· What is hashing
· How addresses, public keys, and private keys work
· What is a smart contract
· Security in blockchain
· Brief history of blockchain
· The programming languages of the most common blockchains
· Common testing and deployment practices for blockchains and blockchain-based apps

Certified Blockchain Developer - Ethereum (CBDE)

A person who holds this certification demonstrates their ability to:

· Plan and prepare production ready applications for the Ethereum blockchain
· Write, test, and deploy secure Solidity smart contracts
· Understand and work with Ethereum fees
· Work within the bounds and limitations of the Ethereum blockchain
· Use the essential tooling and systems needed to work with the Ethereum ecosystem

This exam will prove that a student completely understands how to:

· Implement web3.js
· Write and compile Solidity smart contracts
· Create secure smart contracts
· Deploy smart contracts both the live and test Ethereum networks
· Calculate Ethereum gas costs
· Unit test smart contracts
· Run an Ethereum node on development machines

Princeton: Sixty free lectures from Princeton on bitcoin and cryptocurrencies. Avg length ~15 mins

Basic course with focus on Bitcoin. After this course, you’ll know everything you need to be able to separate fact from fiction when reading claims about Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies. You’ll have the conceptual foundations you need to engineer secure software that interacts with the Bitcoin network. And you’ll be able to integrate ideas from Bitcoin in your own projects.

MIT : BLOCKCHAIN TECHNOLOGIES: BUSINESS INNOVATION AND APPLICATION

· A mid / basic understanding of blockchain technology and its long-term implications for business, coupled with knowledge of its relationship to other emerging technologies such as AI and IoT
· An economic framework for identifying blockchain-based solutions to challenges within your own context, guided by the knowledge of cryptoeconomics expert Christian Catalini
· Recognition of your newfound blockchain knowledge in the form of a certificate of completion from the MIT Sloan School of Management — one of the world’s leading business schools
Orientation Module: Welcome to Your Online Campus
Module 1: An introduction to blockchain technology
Module 2: Bitcoin and the curse of the double-spending problem
Module 3: Costless verification: Blockchain technology and the last mile problem
Module 4: Bootstrapping network effects through blockchain technology and cryptoeconomics
Module 5: Using tokens to design new types of digital platforms
Module 6: The future of blockchain technology, AI, and digital privacy

Oxford Blockchain Strategy Programme

· A mid / basic understanding of what blockchain is and how it works, as well as insights into how it will affect the future of industry and of your organization.
· The ability to make better strategic business decisions by utilizing the Oxford Blockchain Strategic framework, the Oxford Blockchain Regulation framework, the Oxford Blockchain Ecosystem map, and drawing on your knowledge of blockchain and affiliated industries and technologies.
· A certificate of attendance from Oxford Saïd as validation of your newfound blockchain knowledge and skills, as well as access to a global network of like-minded business leaders and innovators.
Module 1: Understanding blockchain
Module 2: The blockchain ecosystem
Module 3: Innovations in value transfer
Module 4: Decentralized apps and smart contracts
Module 5: Transforming enterprise business models
Module 6: Blockchain frontiers

Resources and Articles

Introduction to Distributed Ledger Technologies (DLT) https://www.ibm.com/developerworks/cloud/library/cl-blockchain-basics-intro-bluemix-trs/
Tomas’s Personal Favourite: 150+ Resources for going from web-dev to blockchain engineer https://github.com/benstew/blockchain-for-software-engineers
Hyperledger Frameworks Hyperledger is widely regarded as the most mature open-source framework for building private & permissioned blockchains.
Tutorials: https://www.hyperledger.org/resources/training
R3 Corda Open-source developer frameworks for building private, permissioned blockchains. A little better than Hyperledger on features like privacy and secure channels. Used mostly in financial applications.
Ethereum, Solidity, dApps and Smart-Contracts
Ethereum & Solidity Course (favourite): https://www.udemy.com/ethereum-and-solidity-the-complete-developers-guide/
An Introduction to Ethereum’s Token Standards: https://medium.com/coinmonks/anatomy-of-an-erc-an-exhaustive-survey-8bc1a323b541
How To Create Your First ERC20 Token: https://medium.com/bitfwd/how-to-do-an-ico-on-ethereum-in-less-than-20-minutes-a0062219374
Ethereum Developer Tools [Comprehensive List]: https://github.com/ConsenSys/ethereum-developer-tools-list/blob/masteREADME.md
CryptoZombies – Learn to code dApps through game-development: https://cryptozombies.io/
Intro to Ethereum Development: https://hackernoon.com/ethereum-development-walkthrough-part-1-smart-contracts-b3979e6e573e
Notes from Consensys Academy Participant (free): https://github.com/ScottWorks/ConsenSys-Academy-Notes
AWS Ethereum Templates: https://aws.amazon.com/blogs/aws/get-started-with-blockchain-using-the-new-aws-blockchain-templates/
Create dApps with better user-experience: https://blog.hellobloom.io/how-to-make-a-user-friendly-ethereum-dapp-5a7e5ea6df22
Solidity YouTube Course: https://www.youtube.com/channel/UCaWes1eWQ9TbzA695gl_PtA
[UX &UI] Designing a decentralized profile dApp: https://uxdesign.cc/designing-a-decentralized-profile-dapp-ab12ead4ab56
Scaling Solutions on Ethereum: https://media.consensys.net/the-state-of-scaling-ethereum-b4d095dbafae
Different Platforms for dApps and Smart-Contracts
While Ethereum is the most mature dApp framework with both the best developer tools, resources and community, there are other public blockchain platforms. Third generation blockchains are trying to solve Ethereum’s scaling and performance issues. Here is an overview of dApp platforms that can be worth looking into:
NEO - https://neo.org/ The second most mature dApp platform. NEO has better scalability and performance than Ethereum and has 1’000 TPS to ETH’s 15 by utilizing a dBFT consensus algorithm. While better infrastructure, NEO does not have the maturity of Ethereum’s developer tools, documentation and community.
A writeup on why a company chose to develop on NEO and not Ethereum: https://medium.com/orbismesh/why-we-chose-neo-over-ethereum-37fc9208ffa0
Cardano - https://www.cardano.org/en/home/ While still in alpha with a long and ambitious roadmap ahead of it, Cardano is one of the most anticipated dApp platforms out there. IOHK, the research and engineering company that maintains Cardano, has listed a lot of great resources and scientific papers that is worth looking into.
An Intro to Cardano: https://hackernoon.com/cardano-ethereum-and-neo-killer-or-overhyped-and-overpriced-8fcd5f8abcdf
IOHK Scientific Papers - https://iohk.io/research/papers/
Stellar - https://www.stellar.org/ If moving value fast from one party to another by using smart-contracts is the goal, Stellar Lumens is your platform. Initially as an open-source fork from Ripple, Stellar has become one of the mature frameworks for financial applications. Stellar’s focus lies in interoperability with legacy financial systems and cheap/fast value transfer. It’s smart-contract capability is rather limited in comparison to Ethereum and HyperLedger, so take that in consideration.
Ripplewww.ripple.com Ripple and its close cousin, Stellar, is two of the most well-known cryptocurrencies and DLT frameworks meant for the financial sector. Ripple enables instant settlement between banks for international transactions.

Consensus Algorithms

[Proof of Work] - very short, cuz it's well-known.
[1] Bitcoin - to generate a new block miner must generate hash of the new block header that is in line with given requirements.
Others: Ethereum, Litecoin etc.
[Hybrid of PoW and PoS]
[2] Decred - hybrid of “proof of work” and “proof of stake”. Blocks are created about every 5 minutes. Nodes in the network looking for a solution with a known difficulty to create a block (PoW). Once the solution is found it is broadcast to the network. The network then verifies the solution. Stakeholders who have locked some DCR in return for a ticket* now have the chance to vote on the block (PoS). 5 tickets are chosen pseudo-randomly from the ticket pool and if at least 3 of 5 vote ‘yes’ the block is permanently added to the blockchain. Both miners and voters are compensated with DCR : PoS - 30% and PoW - 60% of about 30 new Decred issued with a block. * 1 ticket = ability to cast 1 vote. Stakeholders must wait an average of 28 days (8,192 blocks) to vote their tickets.
[Proof of Stake]
[3] Nxt - The more tokens are held by account, the greater chance that account will earn the right to generate a block. The total reward received as a result of block generation is the sum of the transaction fees located within the block. Three values are key to determining which account is eligible to generate a block, which account earns the right to generate a block, and which block is taken to be the authoritative one in times of conflict: base target value, target value and cumulative difficulty. Each block on the chain has a generation signature parameter. To participate in the block's forging process, an active account digitally signs the generation signature of the previous block with its own public key. This creates a 64-byte signature, which is then hashed using SHA256. The first 8 bytes of the resulting hash are converted to a number, referred to as the account hit. The hit is compared to the current target value(active balance). If the computed hit is lower than the target, then the next block can be generated.
[4] Peercoin (chain-based proof of stake) - coin age parameter. Hybrid PoW and PoS algorithm. The longer your Peercoins have been stationary in your account (to a maximum of 90 days), the more power (coin age) they have to mint a block. The act of minting a block requires the consumption of coin age value, and the network determines consensus by selecting the chain with the largest total consumed coin age. Reward - minting + 1% yearly.
[5] Reddcoin (Proof of stake Velocity) - quite similar to Peercoin, difference: not linear coin-aging function (new coins gain weight quickly, and old coins gain weight increasingly slowly) to encourage Nodes Activity. Node with most coin age weight have a bigger chance to create block. To create block Node should calculate right hash. Block reward - interest on the weighted age of coins/ 5% annual interest in PoSV phase.
[6] Ethereum (Casper) - uses modified BFT consensus. Blocks will be created using PoW. In the Casper Phase 1 implementation for Ethereum, the “proposal mechanism" is the existing proof of work chain, modified to have a greatly reduced block reward. Blocks will be validated by set of Validators. Block is finalised when 2/3 of validators voted for it (not the number of validators is counted, but their deposit size). Block creator rewarded with Block Reward + Transaction FEES.
[7] Lisk (Delegated Proof-of-stake) - Lisk stakeholders vote with vote transaction (the weight of the vote depends on the amount of Lisk the stakeholder possess) and choose 101 Delegates, who create all blocks in the blockchain. One delegate creates 1 block within 1 round (1 round contains 101 blocks) -> At the beginning of each round, each delegate is assigned a slot indicating their position in the block generation process -> Delegate includes up to 25 transactions into the block, signs it and broadcasts it to the network -> As >51% of available peers agreed that this block is acceptable to be created (Broadhash consensus), a new block is added to the blockchain. *Any account may become a delegate, but only accounts with the required stake (no info how much) are allowed to generate blocks. Block reward - minted Lisks and transaction fees (fees for all 101 blocks are collected firstly and then are divided between delegates). Blocks appears every 10 sec.
[8] Cardano (Ouroboros Proof of Stake) - Blocks(slots) are created by Slot Leaders. Slot Leaders for N Epoch are chosen during n-1 Epoch. Slot Leaders are elected from the group of ADA stakeholders who have enough stake. Election process consist of 3 phases: Commitment phase: each elector generates a random value (secret), signs it and commit as message to network (other electors) saved in to block. -> Reveal phase: Each elector sends special value to open a commitment, all this values (opening) are put into the block. -> Recovery phase: each elector verifies that commitments and openings match and extracts the secrets and forms a SEED (randomly generated bytes string based on secrets). All electors get the same SEED. -> Follow the Satoshi algorithm : Elector who have coin which corresponded to SEED become a SLOT LEADER and get a right to create a block. Slot Leader is rewarded with minted ADA and transactions Fee.
[9] Tezos (Proof Of Stake) - generic and self-amending crypto-ledger. At the beginning of each cycle (2048 blocks), a random seed is derived from numbers that block miners chose and committed to in the penultimate cycle, and revealed in the last. -> Using this random seed, a follow the coin strategy (similar to Follow The Satoshi) is used to allocate mining rights and signing rights to stakeholders for the next cycle*. -> Blocks are mined by a random stakeholder (the miner) and includes multiple signatures of the previous block provided by random stakeholders (the signers). Mining and signing both offer a small reward but also require making a one cycle safety deposit to be forfeited in the event of a double mining or double signing.
· the more coins (rolls) you have - the more your chance to be a minesigner.
[10] Tendermint (Byzantine Fault Tolerance) - A proposal is signed and published by the designated proposer at each round. The proposer is chosen by a deterministic and non-choking round robin selection algorithm that selects proposers in proportion to their voting power. The proposer create the block, that should be validated by >2/3 of Validators, as follow: Propose -> Prevote -> Precommit -> Commit. Proposer rewarded with Transaction FEES.
[11] Tron (Byzantine Fault Tolerance) - This blockhain is still on development stage. Consensus algorithm = PoS + BFT (similar to Tendermint): PoS algorithm chooses a node as Proposer, this node has the power to generate a block. -> Proposer broadcasts a block that it want to release. -> Block enters the Prevote stage. It takes >2/3 of nodes' confirmations to enter the next stage. -> As the block is prevoted, it enters Precommit stage and needs >2/3 of node's confirmation to go further. -> As >2/3 of nodes have precommited the block it's commited to the blockchain with height +1. New blocks appears every 15 sec.
[12] NEO (Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance) - Consensus nodes* are elected by NEO holders -> The Speaker is identified (based on algorithm) -> He broadcasts proposal to create block -> Each Delegate (other consensus nodes) validates proposal -> Each Delegate sends response to other Delegates -> Delegate reaches consensus after receiving 2/3 positive responses -> Each Delegate signs the block and publishes it-> Each Delegate receives a full block. Block reward 6 GAS distributed proportionally in accordance with the NEO holding ratio among NEO holders. Speaker rewarded with transaction fees (mostly 0). * Stake 1000 GAS to nominate yourself for Bookkeeping(Consensus Node)
[13] EOS (Delegated Proof of Stake) - those who hold tokens on a blockchain adopting the EOS.IO software may select* block producers through a continuous approval voting system and anyone may choose to participate in block production and will be given an opportunity to produce blocks proportional to the total votes they have received relative to all other producers. At the start of each round 21 unique block producers are chosen. The top 20 by total approval are automatically chosen every round and the last producer is chosen proportional to their number of votes relative to other producers. Block should be confirmed by 2/3 or more of elected Block producers. Block Producer rewarded with Block rewards. *the more EOS tokens a stakeholder owns, the greater their voting power
[The XRP Ledger Consensus Process]
[14] Ripple - Each node receives transaction from external applications -> Each Node forms public list of all valid (not included into last ledger (=block)) transactions aka (Candidate Set) -> Nodes merge its candidate set with UNLs(Unique Node List) candidate sets and vote on the veracity of all transactions (1st round of consensus) -> all transactions that received at least 50% votes are passed on the next round (many rounds may take place) -> final round of consensus requires that min 80% of Nodes UNL agreeing on transactions. It means that at least 80% of Validating nodes should have same Candidate SET of transactions -> after that each Validating node computes a new ledger (=block) with all transactions (with 80% UNL agreement) and calculate ledger hash, signs and broadcasts -> All Validating nodes compare their ledgers hash -> Nodes of the network recognize a ledger instance as validated when a 80% of the peers have signed and broadcast the same validation hash. -> Process repeats. Ledger creation process lasts 5 sec(?). Each transaction includes transaction fee (min 0,00001 XRP) which is destroyed. No block rewards.
[The Stellar consensus protocol]
[15] Stellar (Federated Byzantine Agreement) - quite similar to Ripple. Key difference - quorum slice.
[Proof of Burn]
[16] Slimcoin - to get the right to write blocks Node should “burn” amount of coins. The more coins Node “burns” more chances it has to create blocks (for long period) -> Nodes address gets a score called Effective Burnt Coins that determines chance to find blocks. Block creator rewarded with block rewards.
[Proof of Importance]
[17] NEM - Only accounts that have min 10k vested coins are eligible to harvest (create a block). Accounts with higher importance scores have higher probabilities of harvesting a block. The higher amount of vested coins, the higher the account’s Importance score. And the higher amount of transactions that satisfy following conditions: - transactions sum min 1k coins, - transactions made within last 30 days, - recipient have 10k vested coins too, - the higher account’s Important score. Harvester is rewarded with fees for the transactions in the block. A new block is created approx. every 65 sec.
[Proof of Devotion]
[18] Nebulas (Proof of Devotion + BFT) - quite similar to POI, the PoD selects the accounts with high influence. All accounts are ranked according to their liquidity and propagation (Nebulas Rank) -> Top-ranked accounts are selected -> Chosen accounts pay deposit and are qualified as the blocks Validators* -> Algorithm pseudo-randomly chooses block Proposer -> After a new block is proposed, Validators Set (each Validator is charged a deposit) participate in a round of BFT-Style voting to verify block (1. Prepare stage -> 2. Commit Stage. Validators should have > 2/3 of total deposits to validate Block) -> Block is added. Block rewards : each Validator rewarded with 1 NAS. *Validators Set is dynamic, changes in Set may occur after Epoch change.
[IOTA Algorithm]
[19] IOTA - uses DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph) instead of blockchain (TANGLE equal to Ledger). Graph consist of transactions (not blocks). To issue a new transaction Node must approve 2 random other Transactions (not confirmed). Each transaction should be validate n(?) times. By validating PAST(2) transactions whole Network achieves Consensus. in Order to issue transaction Node: 1. Sign transaction with private key 2. choose two other Transactions to validate based on MCMC(Markov chain Monte Carlo) algorithm, check if 2 transactions are valid (node will never approve conflicting transactions) 3. make some PoW(similar to HashCash). -> New Transaction broadcasted to Network. Node don’t receive reward or fee.
[PBFT + PoW]
[20] Yobicash - uses PBFT and also PoW. Nodes reach consensus on transactions by querying other nodes. A node asks its peers about the state of a transaction: if it is known or not, and if it is a doublespending transaction or not. As follow : Node receives new transaction -> Checks if valid -> queries all known nodes for missing transactions (check if already in DAG ) -> queries 2/3 nodes for doublepsending and possibility -> if everything is ok add to DAG. Reward - nodes receive transaction fees + minting coins.
[Proof of Space/Proof of Capacity]
[21] Filecoin (Power Fault Tolerance) - the probability that the network elects a miner(Leader) to create a new block (it is referred to as the voting power of the miner) is proportional to storage currently in use in relation to the rest of the network. Each node has Power - storage in use verified with Proof of Spacetime by nodes. Leaders extend the chain by creating a block and propagating it to the network. There can be an empty block (when no leader). A block is committed if the majority of the participants add their weight on the chain where the block belongs to, by extending the chain or by signing blocks. Block creator rewarded with Block reward + transaction fees.
[Proof of Elapsed Time (POET)]
[22] Hyperledger Sawtooth - Goal - to solve BFT Validating Nodes limitation. Works only with intel’s SGX. PoET uses a random leader election model or a lottery based election model based on SGX, where the protocol randomly selects the next leader to finalize the block. Every validator requests a wait time from an enclave (a trusted function). -> The validator with the shortest wait time for a particular transaction block is elected the leader. -> The BlockPublisher is responsible for creating candidate blocks to extend the current chain. He takes direction from the consensus algorithm for when to create a block and when to publish a block. He creates, Finalizes, Signs Block and broadcast it -> Block Validators check block -> Block is created on top of blockchain.
[23] Byteball (Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance) - only verified nodes are allowed to be Validation nodes (list of requirements https://github.com/byteball/byteball-witness). Users choose in transaction set of 12 Validating nodes. Validating nodes(Witnesses) receive transaction fees.
[24] Nano - uses DAG, PoW (HashCash). Nano uses a block-lattice structure. Each account has its own blockchain (account-chain) equivalent to the account’s transaction/balance history. To add transaction user should make some HashCash PoW -> When user creates transaction Send Block appears on his blockchain and Receive block appears on Recipients blockchain. -> Peers in View receive Block -> Peers verify block (Double spending and check if already in the ledger) -> Peers achieve consensus and add block. In case of Fork (when 2 or more signed blocks reference the same previous block): Nano network resolves forks via a balance-weighted voting system where representative nodes vote for the block they observe, as >50% of weighted votes received, consensus achieved and block is retained in the Node’s ledger (block that lose the vote is discarded).
[25] Holochain - uses distributed hash table (DHT). Instead of trying to manage global consensus for every change to a huge blockchain ledger, every participant has their own signed hash chain. In case of multi-party transaction, it is signed to each party's chain. Each party signs the exact same transaction with links to each of their previous chain entries. After data is signed to local chains, it is shared to a DHT where every neighbor node validate it. Any consensus algorithms can be built on top of Holochain.
[26] Komodo ('Delegated' Delayed Proof of Work (dPoW)) - end-to-end blockchain solutions. DPoW consensus mechanism does not recognize The Longest Chain Rule to resolve a conflict in the network, instead the dPoW looks to backups it inserted previously into the chosen PoW blockchain. The process of inserting backups of Komodo transactions into a secure PoW is “notarization.” Notarisation is performed by the elected Notary nodes. Roughly every ten minutes, the Notary nodes perform a special block hash mined on the Komodo blockchain and take note of the overall Komodo blockchain “height”. The notary nodes process this specifc block so that their signatures are cryptographically included within the content of the notarized data. There are sixty-four “Notary nodes” elected by a stake-weighted vote, where ownership of KMD represents stake in the election. They are a special type of blockchain miner, having certain features in their underlying code that enable them to maintain an effective and cost-efcient blockchain and they periodically receives the privilege to mine a block on “easy difculty.”
Source: https://www.reddit.com/CryptoTechnology/comments/7znnq8/my_brief_observation_of_most_common_consensus/
Whitepapers Worth Looking Into:
IOTA -http://iotatoken.com/IOTA_Whitepaper.pdf
NANO -https://nano.org/en/whitepaper
Bitcoin -https://bitcoin.org/bitcoin.pdf
Ethereum: https://github.com/ethereum/wiki/wiki/White-Paper
Ethereum Plasma (Omise-GO) -https://plasma.io/plasma.pdf
Cardano - https://eprint.iacr.org/2016/889.pdf
submitted by heart_mind_body to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

My brief observation of most common Consensus Algorithms

I have studied most common consensus algorithms. Here is the summary, maybe for someone it will be helpful. My goal is to describe every specific consensus briefly so everyone can easily understand it. *Please let me know if I have wrote something wrong, or maybe you are aware of interesting algorithm, I have missed.
[Proof of Work] - very short, cuz it's well-known.
[1] Bitcoin - to generate a new block miner must generate hash of the new block header that is in line with given requirements.
Others: Ethereum, Litecoin etc.
[Hybrid of PoW and PoS]
[2] Decred - hybrid of “proof of work” and “proof of stake”. Blocks are created about every 5 minutes. Nodes in the network looking for a solution with a known difficulty to create a block (PoW). Once the solution is found it is broadcast to the network. The network then verifies the solution. Stakeholders who have locked some DCR in return for a ticket* now have the chance to vote on the block (PoS). 5 tickets are chosen pseudo-randomly from the ticket pool and if at least 3 of 5 vote ‘yes’ the block is permanently added to the blockchain. Both miners and voters are compensated with DCR : PoS - 30% and PoW - 60% of about 30 new Decred issued with a block. * 1 ticket = ability to cast 1 vote. Stakeholders must wait an average of 28 days (8,192 blocks) to vote their tickets.
[Proof of Stake]
[3] Nxt - The more tokens are held by account, the greater chance that account will earn the right to generate a block. The total reward received as a result of block generation is the sum of the transaction fees located within the block. Three values are key to determining which account is eligible to generate a block, which account earns the right to generate a block, and which block is taken to be the authoritative one in times of conflict: base target value, target value and cumulative difficulty. Each block on the chain has a generation signature parameter. To participate in the block's forging process, an active account digitally signs the generation signature of the previous block with its own public key. This creates a 64-byte signature, which is then hashed using SHA256. The first 8 bytes of the resulting hash are converted to a number, referred to as the account hit. The hit is compared to the current target value(active balance). If the computed hit is lower than the target, then the next block can be generated.
[4] Peercoin (chain-based proof of stake) - coin age parameter. Hybrid PoW and PoS algorithm. The longer your Peercoins have been stationary in your account (to a maximum of 90 days), the more power (coin age) they have to mint a block. The act of minting a block requires the consumption of coin age value, and the network determines consensus by selecting the chain with the largest total consumed coin age. Reward - minting + 1% yearly.
[5] Reddcoin (Proof of stake Velocity) - quite similar to Peercoin, difference: not linear coin-aging function (new coins gain weight quickly, and old coins gain weight increasingly slowly) to encourage Nodes Activity. Node with most coin age weight have a bigger chance to create block. To create block Node should calculate right hash. Block reward - interest on the weighted age of coins/ 5% annual interest in PoSV phase.
[6] Ethereum (Casper) - uses modified BFT consensus. Blocks will be created using PoW. In the Casper Phase 1 implementation for Ethereum, the “proposal mechanism" is the existing proof of work chain, modified to have a greatly reduced block reward. Blocks will be validated by set of Validators. Block is finalised when 2/3 of validators voted for it (not the number of validators is counted, but their deposit size). Block creator rewarded with Block Reward + Transaction FEES.
[7] Lisk (Delegated Proof-of-stake) - Lisk stakeholders vote with vote transaction (the weight of the vote depends on the amount of Lisk the stakeholder possess) and choose 101 Delegates, who create all blocks in the blockchain. One delegate creates 1 block within 1 round (1 round contains 101 blocks) -> At the beginning of each round, each delegate is assigned a slot indicating their position in the block generation process -> Delegate includes up to 25 transactions into the block, signs it and broadcasts it to the network -> As >51% of available peers agreed that this block is acceptable to be created (Broadhash consensus), a new block is added to the blockchain. *Any account may become a delegate, but only accounts with the required stake (no info how much) are allowed to generate blocks. Block reward - minted Lisks and transaction fees (fees for all 101 blocks are collected firstly and then are divided between delegates). Blocks appears every 10 sec.
[8] Cardano (Ouroboros Proof of Stake) - Blocks(slots) are created by Slot Leaders. Slot Leaders for N Epoch are chosen during n-1 Epoch. Slot Leaders are elected from the group of ADA stakeholders who have enough stake. Election process consist of 3 phases: Commitment phase: each elector generates a random value (secret), signs it and commit as message to network (other electors) saved in to block. -> Reveal phase: Each elector sends special value to open a commitment, all this values (opening) are put into the block. -> Recovery phase: each elector verifies that commitments and openings match and extracts the secrets and forms a SEED (randomly generated bytes string based on secrets). All electors get the same SEED. -> Follow the Satoshi algorithm : Elector who have coin which corresponded to SEED become a SLOT LEADER and get a right to create a block. Slot Leader is rewarded with minted ADA and transactions Fee.
[9] Tezos (Proof Of Stake) - generic and self-amending crypto-ledger. At the beginning of each cycle (2048 blocks), a random seed is derived from numbers that block miners chose and committed to in the penultimate cycle, and revealed in the last. -> Using this random seed, a follow the coin strategy (similar to Follow The Satoshi) is used to allocate mining rights and signing rights to stakeholders for the next cycle*. -> Blocks are mined by a random stakeholder (the miner) and includes multiple signatures of the previous block provided by random stakeholders (the signers). Mining and signing both offer a small reward but also require making a one cycle safety deposit to be forfeited in the event of a double mining or double signing. * the more coins (rolls) you have - the more your chance to be a minesigner.
[10] Tendermint (Byzantine Fault Tolerance) - A proposal is signed and published by the designated proposer at each round. The proposer is chosen by a deterministic and non-choking round robin selection algorithm that selects proposers in proportion to their voting power. The proposer create the block, that should be validated by >2/3 of Validators, as follow: Propose -> Prevote -> Precommit -> Commit. Proposer rewarded with Transaction FEES.
[11] Tron (Byzantine Fault Tolerance) - This blockhain is still on development stage. Consensus algorithm = PoS + BFT (similar to Tendermint): PoS algorithm chooses a node as Proposer, this node has the power to generate a block. -> Proposer broadcasts a block that it want to release. -> Block enters the Prevote stage. It takes >2/3 of nodes' confirmations to enter the next stage. -> As the block is prevoted, it enters Precommit stage and needs >2/3 of node's confirmation to go further. -> As >2/3 of nodes have precommited the block it's commited to the blockchain with height +1. New blocks appears every 15 sec.
[12] NEO (Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance) - Consensus nodes* are elected by NEO holders -> The Speaker is identified (based on algorithm) -> He broadcasts proposal to create block -> Each Delegate (other consensus nodes) validates proposal -> Each Delegate sends response to other Delegates -> Delegate reaches consensus after receiving 2/3 positive responses -> Each Delegate signs the block and publishes it-> Each Delegate receives a full block. Block reward 6 GAS distributed proportionally in accordance with the NEO holding ratio among NEO holders. Speaker rewarded with transaction fees (mostly 0). * Stake 1000 GAS to nominate yourself for Bookkeeping(Consensus Node)
[13] EOS (Delegated Proof of Stake) - those who hold tokens on a blockchain adopting the EOS.IO software may select* block producers through a continuous approval voting system and anyone may choose to participate in block production and will be given an opportunity to produce blocks proportional to the total votes they have received relative to all other producers. At the start of each round 21 unique block producers are chosen. The top 20 by total approval are automatically chosen every round and the last producer is chosen proportional to their number of votes relative to other producers. Block should be confirmed by 2/3 or more of elected Block producers. Block Producer rewarded with Block rewards. *the more EOS tokens a stakeholder owns, the greater their voting power
[The XRP Ledger Consensus Process]
[14] Ripple - Each node receives transaction from external applications -> Each Node forms public list of all valid (not included into last ledger (=block)) transactions aka (Candidate Set) -> Nodes merge its candidate set with UNLs(Unique Node List) candidate sets and vote on the veracity of all transactions (1st round of consensus) -> all transactions that received at least 50% votes are passed on the next round (many rounds may take place) -> final round of consensus requires that min 80% of Nodes UNL agreeing on transactions. It means that at least 80% of Validating nodes should have same Candidate SET of transactions -> after that each Validating node computes a new ledger (=block) with all transactions (with 80% UNL agreement) and calculate ledger hash, signs and broadcasts -> All Validating nodes compare their ledgers hash -> Nodes of the network recognize a ledger instance as validated when a 80% of the peers have signed and broadcast the same validation hash. -> Process repeats. Ledger creation process lasts 5 sec(?). Each transaction includes transaction fee (min 0,00001 XRP) which is destroyed. No block rewards.
[The Stellar consensus protocol]
[15] Stellar (Federated Byzantine Agreement) - quit similar to Ripple. Key difference - quorum slice.
[Proof of Burn]
[16] Slimcoin - to get the right to write blocks Node should “burn” amount of coins. The more coins Node “burns” more chances it has to create blocks (for long period) -> Nodes address gets a score called Effective Burnt Coins that determines chance to find blocks. Block creator rewarded with block rewards.
[Proof of Importance]
[17] NEM - Only accounts that have min 10k vested coins are eligible to harvest (create a block). Accounts with higher importance scores have higher probabilities of harvesting a block. The higher amount of vested coins, the higher the account’s Importance score. And the higher amount of transactions that satisfy following conditions: - transactions sum min 1k coins, - transactions made within last 30 days, - recipient have 10k vested coins too, - the higher account’s Important score. Harvester is rewarded with fees for the transactions in the block. A new block is created approx. every 65 sec.
[Proof of Devotion]
[18] Nebulas (Proof of Devotion + BFT) - quite similar to POI, the PoD selects the accounts with high influence. All accounts are ranked according to their liquidity and propagation (Nebulas Rank) -> Top-ranked accounts are selected -> Chosen accounts pay deposit and are qualified as the blocks Validators* -> Algorithm pseudo-randomly chooses block Proposer -> After a new block is proposed, Validators Set (each Validator is charged a deposit) participate in a round of BFT-Style voting to verify block (1. Prepare stage -> 2. Commit Stage. Validators should have > 2/3 of total deposits to validate Block) -> Block is added. Block rewards : each Validator rewarded with 1 NAS. *Validators Set is dynamic, changes in Set may occur after Epoch change.
[IOTA Algorithm]
[19] IOTA - uses DAG (Directed Acyclic Graph) instead of blockchain (TANGLE equal to Ledger). Graph consist of transactions (not blocks). To issue a new transaction Node must approve 2 random other Transactions (not confirmed). Each transaction should be validate n(?) times. By validating PAST(2) transactions whole Network achieves Consensus. in Order to issue transaction Node: 1. Sign transaction with private key 2. choose two other Transactions to validate based on MCMC(Markov chain Monte Carlo) algorithm, check if 2 transactions are valid (node will never approve conflicting transactions) 3. make some PoW(similar to HashCash). -> New Transaction broadcasted to Network. Node don’t receive reward or fee.
[PBFT + PoW]
[20] Yobicash - uses PBFT and also PoW. Nodes reach consensus on transactions by querying other nodes. A node asks its peers about the state of a transaction: if it is known or not, and if it is a doublespending transaction or not. As follow : Node receives new transaction -> Checks if valid -> queries all known nodes for missing transactions (check if already in DAG ) -> queries 2/3 nodes for doublepsending and possibility -> if everything is ok add to DAG. Reward - nodes receive transaction fees + minting coins.
[Proof of Space/Proof of Capacity]
[21] Filecoin (Power Fault Tolerance) - the probability that the network elects a miner(Leader) to create a new block (it is referred to as the voting power of the miner) is proportional to storage currently in use in relation to the rest of the network. Each node has Power - storage in use verified with Proof of Spacetime by nodes. Leaders extend the chain by creating a block and propagating it to the network. There can be an empty block (when no leader). A block is committed if the majority of the participants add their weight on the chain where the block belongs to, by extending the chain or by signing blocks. Block creator rewarded with Block reward + transaction fees.
[Proof of Elapsed Time]
[22] Hyperledger Sawtooth - Goal - to solve BFT Validating Nodes limitation. Works only with intel’s SGX. PoET uses a random leader election model or a lottery based election model based on SGX, where the protocol randomly selects the next leader to finalize the block. Every validator requests a wait time from an enclave (a trusted function). -> The validator with the shortest wait time for a particular transaction block is elected the leader. -> The BlockPublisher is responsible for creating candidate blocks to extend the current chain. He takes direction from the consensus algorithm for when to create a block and when to publish a block. He creates, Finalizes, Signs Block and broadcast it -> Block Validators check block -> Block is created on top of blockchain.
[Other]
[23] Byteball (Delegated Byzantine Fault Tolerance) - only verified nodes are allowed to be Validation nodes (list of requirements https://github.com/byteball/byteball-witness). Users choose in transaction set of 12 Validating nodes. Validating nodes(Witnesses) receive transaction fees.
[24] Nano - uses DAG, PoW (HashCash). Nano uses a block-lattice structure. Each account has its own blockchain (account-chain) equivalent to the account’s transaction/balance history. To add transaction user should make some HashCash PoW -> When user creates transaction Send Block appears on his blockchain and Receive block appears on Recipients blockchain. -> Peers in View receive Block -> Peers verify block (Double spending and check if already in the ledger) -> Peers achieve consensus and add block. In case of Fork (when 2 or more signed blocks reference the same previous block): Nano network resolves forks via a balance-weighted voting system where representative nodes vote for the block they observe, as >50% of weighted votes received, consensus achieved and block is retained in the Node’s ledger (block that lose the vote is discarded).
[25] Holochain - uses distributed hash table (DHT). Instead of trying to manage global consensus for every change to a huge blockchain ledger, every participant has their own signed hash chain. In case of multi-party transaction, it is signed to each party's chain. Each party signs the exact same transaction with links to each of their previous chain entries. After data is signed to local chains, it is shared to a DHT where every neighbor node validate it. Any consensus algorithms can be built on top of Holochain.
[26] Komodo ('Delegated' Delayed Proof of Work (dPoW)) - end-to-end blockchain solutions. DPoW consensus mechanism does not recognize The Longest Chain Rule to resolve a conflict in the network, instead the dPoW looks to backups it inserted previously into the chosen PoW blockchain. The process of inserting backups of Komodo transactions into a secure PoW is “notarization.” Notarisation is performed by the elected Notary nodes. Roughly every ten minutes, the Notary nodes perform a special block hash mined on the Komodo blockchain and take note of the overall Komodo blockchain “height”. The notary nodes process this specifc block so that their signatures are cryptographically included within the content of the notarized data. There are sixty-four “Notary nodes” elected by a stake-weighted vote, where ownership of KMD represents stake in the election. They are a special type of blockchain miner, having certain features in their underlying code that enable them to maintain an effective and cost-efcient blockchain and they periodically receives the privilege to mine a block on “easy difculty.”
post with references you can find here: https://bitcointalk.org/index.php?topic=2936428.msg30170673#msg30170673
submitted by tracyspacygo to CryptoTechnology [link] [comments]

The TAU Coin Concept Which is Based on Proof of Transaction as a New Consensus Algorithm

Recently, perhaps crypto currency watchers often hear about the ideas of Proof of Work and Proof of Stake, as well as the definition of mining, or the process of how new digital currencies are released through networks.
Proof of Work
As considered the first consensus algorithm, Proof of Work (PoW) is defined as a protocol that has the main purpose of preventing cyber attacks such as distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, which aim to use up computer system resources by sending fake requests.
The concept of Proof of work already existed even before bitcoin, but Satoshi Nakamoto applied this technique to - we still don't know who Nakamoto really is - his digital currency that revolutionized traditional transaction methods.
In fact, the idea of ​​the PoW was originally published by Cynthia Dwork and Moni Naor in 1993, but the term "Proof-of-Work" was created by Markus Jakobsson and Ari Juels in a document published in 1999.
However, taking into account the date it was made, POW is probably the biggest idea behind Nakamoto's Bitcoin white paper - published in 2008 - because it allows consensus without trust and distribution.
Proof-of-Work which is performed through mining and used by Bitcoin, Litecoin and Dogecoin among others. The miner is incentivized because it receives a reward for solving the puzzle that verifies the transaction. The quantity and quality of the computer determine the mining power and consequently the profit you can make. PoW reaches consensus because the miner has to (literally) prove the verification through computational labor, and at least 51% of the miner-network has to agree with the verification.
Proof of Stake
Proof of Stake (PoS) as the second consensus algorithm, is another way to validate transactions based on distributed consensus, and to achieve distributed consensus. This is still an algorithm, and the goal is the same as proof-of-work, but the process for achieving goals is very different.
The idea of ​​proof-of-work was first proposed at the BitCointalk forum in 2011, but the first digital currency to use this method was Peercoin in 2012, along with ShadowCash, Nxt, BlackCoin, NuShares / NuBits, Qora, and Nav Coin.
Unlike proof-of-work, where the algorithm rewards miners who solve mathematical equations with the aim of validating transactions and creating new blocks, with proof-of-stake, the creator of the new block is chosen in a deterministic way, depending on wealth, or defined as well as a bet. There are no block rewards.
This PoS selects a validator (comparable to a miner) based on the number of coins it deposits. Since one validator verifies the transaction, the miner doesn’t need to waste as much energy and hardware as Proof-of-Work – where each miner tries to solve the same transaction.
In addition, all digital currencies were made beforehand and the numbers never changed. This means, in the PoS system, there are no block rewards. So, the miners take transaction fees.
However, the rich get richer as they have higher chances at the selection procedure, meaning higher chances to receive the reward. This is why, in fact, in this PoS system, miners are referred to as counterfeiters. PoS is implemented by Peercoin, Decred, and Ethereum. This verification scheme reaches consensus because the validator-network checks the reviews as well. The validator won’t verify fraudulent transactions because it will lose more money (the deposit) than it can earn (the reward).
TAU Coin Concept on Proof of Transaction
Cited from http://networkcultures.org/longform/2018/08/25/proof-of-transaction-the-materiality-of-cryptocurrency/ ,
Proof-of-Transaction is defined as "a physical object that absorbs the process of transferring value from one space or entity to another. It captures the orders of magnitude of the exchange (from technology to phenomena) and narrates these realities through interobjective relations". Further, it is explained that transaction contains a meaning of ‘an agreement’ which involves an exchange or interaction between two entities. While other word that is ‘proof’ shall be referred to ‘evidence’, the witness of an event.
The proposal of TAU is an original consensus mechanism POT. It uses on-chain historical accumulated transactions to determine who can propose a new block. Block generation in TAU is still called mining like Bitcoin, but block reward only comes in the form of transaction fee. TAU is a single utility chain that funds wiring is the only thing supported; therefore, transaction fee is the only income for miners. TAU block structure is designed to support mobile phone mining for decentralization. Total 10 billions coins are generated in the genesis block, while the goal is for each individual to have a full TAU. For every address, the probability of generating a new block is exactly in linear proportion to its historical transaction. This sum is called mining power, an analogue to hash power in Bitcoin.
Further information can be found at www.taucoin.io.
submitted by denio17 to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

The TAU Coin Concept Which is Based on Proof of Transaction as a New Consensus Algorithm

Recently, perhaps crypto currency watchers often hear about the ideas of Proof of Work and Proof of Stake, as well as the definition of mining, or the process of how new digital currencies are released through networks.
Proof of Work
As considered the first consensus algorithm, Proof of Work (PoW) is defined as a protocol that has the main purpose of preventing cyber attacks such as distributed denial-of-service (DDoS) attacks, which aim to use up computer system resources by sending fake requests.
The concept of Proof of work already existed even before bitcoin, but Satoshi Nakamoto applied this technique to - we still don't know who Nakamoto really is - his digital currency that revolutionized traditional transaction methods.
In fact, the idea of ​​the PoW was originally published by Cynthia Dwork and Moni Naor in 1993, but the term "Proof-of-Work" was created by Markus Jakobsson and Ari Juels in a document published in 1999.
However, taking into account the date it was made, POW is probably the biggest idea behind Nakamoto's Bitcoin white paper - published in 2008 - because it allows consensus without trust and distribution.
Proof-of-Work which is performed through mining and used by Bitcoin, Litecoin and Dogecoin among others. The miner is incentivized because it receives a reward for solving the puzzle that verifies the transaction. The quantity and quality of the computer determine the mining power and consequently the profit you can make. PoW reaches consensus because the miner has to (literally) prove the verification through computational labor, and at least 51% of the miner-network has to agree with the verification.
Proof of Stake
Proof of Stake (PoS) as the second consensus algorithm, is another way to validate transactions based on distributed consensus, and to achieve distributed consensus. This is still an algorithm, and the goal is the same as proof-of-work, but the process for achieving goals is very different.
The idea of ​​proof-of-work was first proposed at the BitCointalk forum in 2011, but the first digital currency to use this method was Peercoin in 2012, along with ShadowCash, Nxt, BlackCoin, NuShares / NuBits, Qora, and Nav Coin.
Unlike proof-of-work, where the algorithm rewards miners who solve mathematical equations with the aim of validating transactions and creating new blocks, with proof-of-stake, the creator of the new block is chosen in a deterministic way, depending on wealth, or defined as well as a bet. There are no block rewards.
This PoS selects a validator (comparable to a miner) based on the number of coins it deposits. Since one validator verifies the transaction, the miner doesn’t need to waste as much energy and hardware as Proof-of-Work – where each miner tries to solve the same transaction.
In addition, all digital currencies were made beforehand and the numbers never changed. This means, in the PoS system, there are no block rewards. So, the miners take transaction fees.
However, the rich get richer as they have higher chances at the selection procedure, meaning higher chances to receive the reward. This is why, in fact, in this PoS system, miners are referred to as counterfeiters. PoS is implemented by Peercoin, Decred, and Ethereum. This verification scheme reaches consensus because the validator-network checks the reviews as well. The validator won’t verify fraudulent transactions because it will lose more money (the deposit) than it can earn (the reward).
TAU Coin Concept on Proof of Transaction
Cited from http://networkcultures.org/longform/2018/08/25/proof-of-transaction-the-materiality-of-cryptocurrency/ ,
Proof-of-Transaction is defined as "a physical object that absorbs the process of transferring value from one space or entity to another. It captures the orders of magnitude of the exchange (from technology to phenomena) and narrates these realities through interobjective relations". Further, it is explained that transaction contains a meaning of ‘an agreement’ which involves an exchange or interaction between two entities. While other word that is ‘proof’ shall be referred to ‘evidence’, the witness of an event.
The proposal of TAU is an original consensus mechanism POT. It uses on-chain historical accumulated transactions to determine who can propose a new block. Block generation in TAU is still called mining like Bitcoin, but block reward only comes in the form of transaction fee. TAU is a single utility chain that funds wiring is the only thing supported; therefore, transaction fee is the only income for miners. TAU block structure is designed to support mobile phone mining for decentralization. Total 10 billions coins are generated in the genesis block, while the goal is for each individual to have a full TAU. For every address, the probability of generating a new block is exactly in linear proportion to its historical transaction. This sum is called mining power, an analogue to hash power in Bitcoin.
Further information can be found at www.taucoin.io.
submitted by denio17 to Tau_coin [link] [comments]

Bitcoin, dogecoin. How I tried to make my fortune in 2014 with the sweat of my computer.

Bitcoin, dogecoin. How I tried to make my fortune in 2014 with the sweat of my computer.

https://preview.redd.it/mv21lvsa3do31.jpg?width=1280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=51bf5296a06eedc178079cf0b3ab4c3cfc44f271
Make money just by working on your computer: the rise of electronic currencies, in the wake of bitcoin, can be a little dream, especially in times of crisis. We tried the experiment. Wealth at your fingertips? Not for everybody.
Reading time: 6 min.
We have known at least since March 2013, with the soaring Bitcoin (BTC) price during the closing of Cypriot banks: electronic currencies, it has not much virtual. Since the creation of the enigmatic Satoshi Nakamoto serves as a safe haven, a playground for speculators, interests the States and even makes it possible to pay for his trip to the space where his beer, bigger world would dare to pretend that it only serves to buy prohibited substances on SilkRoad - if it ever was.
At the end of November, James Howells was mocked a lot, this Brit, caught in a household frenzy, inadvertently threw a hard disk containing 7,500 bitcoins, the equivalent of 4.8 million euros. A small fortune now lost in the depths of the Docksway dump near Newport. Nevertheless, before causing the consternation of the global Internet, Jamie still had the nose to undermine the BTC at a time when the experience mobilized a handful of hardcore geeks.
Since the rise (sawtooth) bitcoin, each unit currently weighs more than 800 dollars, nearly thirty cryptocurrencies have emerged. Is it possible, this year again, to let this promising, volatile and risky train pass, or to fall into
  1. Choose your electronic motto.
  2. All are based on the same principle: to summarize (very) big features [1], the issuance of money is governed by an algorithm, and the new corners put in circulation reward the resolution, by participants in a network of peer and mathematical problems, including the validation and archiving of transactions, which are public [2]. Mining a cryptocurrency is like putting the computing power of your computer in the service of the network.
  3. Since the program is decreasing [3], the mining becomes more and more difficult with time (and with the increase of the number of participants): to hope to make his pelote via the only computational activity, one must either have to at its disposal a large fleet of machines, to be a miner from the first hour. Exit the bitcoin, long since out of the reach of a personal computer.
  4. I similarly gave up the litecoin and peercoin, already well launched (they date respectively 2011 and 2012), to set my heart on one of the most recent currencies - and certainly the hippest of the moment: the dogecoin.
  5. As its name suggests, the cryptocurrency favorite Shiba Inus from around the world is a tribute to the Doge, one of the most famous memes of 2013, with its captions in Comic Sans, the font most sorry for the web. A geek joke, therefore, except that - the unfathomable mysteries of the Internet - its value jumped 900% in the third week of December, and she suffered a Christmas robbery online.
  6. Admittedly, at the time when these lines are written, the dogecoin caps at 0.00023 dollars [4] - its quite ridiculous (and quite depressing), but even if you bet on the future, so much to go frankly.
  7. 2. The hands in the engine the billboard.
  8. From there, things get tough (a little). Installing an electronic purse on ones computer is not very complicated (the software is available for Windows, MacOS, Android or, for the more adventurous, on a repository to compile under Linux). It is also possible to use an online wallet, but it is more risky (except, perhaps, when one is called James Howells). When opened for the first time, the purse automatically synchronizes with the Dogecoin network (be careful, it can be long), which gives you a payment address (we can generate more later).
  9. The two most common ways to undermine electronic money are to use the computing power of the computers microprocessor (CPU) or, more efficiently, that of the graphics card processor (GPU). In the first case, the program is simple to install; in the second, it is necessary to choose the most adapted to its material [5]. There are, thankfully, a lot of online tutorials. Still, to operate the corner board requires in all cases to trade the comfort of the GUI for aridity, so confusing to the layman, command lines - we have nothing for nothing.
  10. Finally, at work alone, we prefer collaboration. Mining is best done in groups, or rather in pool: it distributes the gains, of course, but also the difficulty. For the dogecoin as for all the crypto-currencies, the pools are numerous. A quick tour of a dedicated section of the Reddit community site can help you make your choice.
  11. 3. Extension of the field of struggle.
  12. And after? After, we can rest, since it is the machine that works. But the truth of a cryptocurrency - even at the exceptionally high LOL and LOL rates of the Shiba Inu - is cruel and brutal: not all computers are equal. Or rather, some are more equal than others. For while you heat your CPU or your graphics card to grapple some unfortunate corners, others will sweep the game thanks to specialized integrated circuits, computing capabilities much higher.
  13. If the game of buying and reselling corners is basically just another stock exchange mechanism, less the intervention of the central banks - what is at stake, and the big political question they ask: are we certain to prefer speculation pure and perfect to monetary policies, however questionable they may be? -, production, it is the law of the strongest (in calculation). There are even lethal weapons at $ 10,000 each, with which your processors are like mosquitoes in front of an A bomb.
  14. And if you think it does not matter because after all, it does not cost you anything, think again: the components, like humans, wear out faster when they work at full speed, and the bill of electricity can quickly grow. The profitability of the case is anything but certain, as evidenced by the results of online calculators. (Needless to say, our laughing dogecoin does not stand up to this kind of simulation.)
  15. Much more boring, from a collective point of view: the carbon footprint, current and above all expected, of electronic currencies worries more and more. Last spring, Bloomberg estimated that the energy consumption of the Bitcoin network was equivalent to that of 31,000 US households. Not sure, according to the site, that their emission is less damaging to the environment than have been some physical currencies.
  16. For exciting to analyze that is the emergence of cryptocurrencies, it is better to ask now about their cost, economic and ecological. To see it as a potential source of income, except for being a very early adopter with a hollow nose, an individual with a lot of computational capital or a clever trader, you have to make a point.
  17. If the recurrent comparison with the famous Ponzi pyramid [6] is discussed (after all, the decentralized currencies do not make promises), remains that, as long as the value does not collapse, the system benefits mainly to the first entrants - except James Howells.
  18. As the Bitcoin.fr site aptly states: all this is just an experiment, invest only the time and money you can afford to lose. LOLs love was not a worse reason than another to experiment, so I finally submitted my laptop to four days and three nights of intense activity, which makes me happy. owner of a good half a thousand dogecoins. Either the equivalent of 0.115 dollar, or 0.08 euro. It is obviously not worth the electricity consumed to generate them, it increases my carbon footprint, but it amuses my entourage. But laughter is, as everyone knows, a safe bet in times of crisis, less volatile than a real bitcoin.
  19. And then, after all, you never know.
  20. Amaelle Guiton.
  21. 1. For explanations more provided (the case is quite complex), refer, for example, to the series of very detailed notes devoted to blogger Turblog.
  22. 2. And as such, searchable by everyone. It is the identity of the users that is not known, unless they reveal it, hence the reputation of anonymity (relative, therefore) cryptocurrencies.
  23. 3. In the case of bitcoin, the maximum of 21 million units should be reached around 2140.
  24. 4. For a day-to-day follow-up, see the CoinMarketCap site which lists the exchange rates of crypto-currencies, based on the dollar value of bitcoin.
  25. 5. We discover then, unfortunately, that some graphics cards do not allow the mining. This is the case for the author of these lines, reduced to working in conditions of extreme computer deprivation.
  26. 6. Comparison which is at the heart of a hilarious note on the ponzicoin, signed by the economic journalist Matthew OBrien, on The Atlantic (to read if you intend seriously to invest in the dogecoin).
submitted by Mejbah411 to u/Mejbah411 [link] [comments]

Crypto Mining for Beginners. Is it really worth it?

Crypto Mining for Beginners. Is it really worth it?

Image from blokt.com
Mining cryptocoins is an arms race that rewards early adopters. You might have heard of Bitcoin, the first decentralized cryptocurrency that was released in early 2009. Similar digital currencies have crept into the worldwide market since then, including a spin-off from Bitcoin called Bitcoin Cash. You can get in on the cryptocurrency rush if you take the time to learn the basics properly.

Which Alt-Coins Should Be Mined?


Image from btcwarp.com
If you had started mining Bitcoins back in 2009, you could have earned thousands of dollars by now. At the same time, there are plenty of ways you could have lost money, too. Bitcoins are not a good choice for beginning miners who work on a small scale. The current up-front investment and maintenance costs, not to mention the sheer mathematical difficulty of the process, just doesn't make it profitable for consumer-level hardware. Now, Bitcoin mining is reserved for large-scale operations only.
Litecoins, Dogecoins, and Feathercoins, on the other hand, are three Scrypt-based cryptocurrencies that are the best cost-benefit for beginners.
Dogecoins and Feathercoins would yield slightly less profit with the same mining hardware but are becoming more popular daily. Peercoins, too, can also be a reasonably decent return on your investment of time and energy.
As more people join the cryptocoin rush, your choice could get more difficult to mine because more expensive hardware will be required to discover coins. You will be forced to either invest heavily if you want to stay mining that coin, or you will want to take your earnings and switch to an easier cryptocoin. Understanding the top 3 bitcoin mining methods is probably where you need to begin; this article focuses on mining "scrypt" coins.
Also, be sure you are in a country where bitcoins and bitcoin mining is legal.

Is It Worth It to Mine Cryptocoins?

As a hobby venture, yes, cryptocoin mining can generate a small income of perhaps a dollar or two per day. In particular, the digital currencies mentioned above are very accessible for regular people to mine, and a person can recoup $1000 in hardware costs in about 18-24 months.
As a second income, no, cryptocoin mining is not a reliable way to make substantial money for most people. The profit from mining cryptocoins only becomes significant when someone is willing to invest $3000-$5000 in up-front hardware costs, at which time you could potentially earn $50 per day or more.

Set Reosonable Expectations

If your objective is to earn substantial money as a second income, then you are better off purchasing cryptocoins with cash instead of mining them, and then tucking them away in the hopes that they will jump in value like gold or silver bullion. If your objective is to make a few digital bucks and spend them somehow, then you just might have a slow way to do that with mining.
Smart miners need to keep electricity costs to under $0.11 per kilowatt-hour; mining with 4 GPU video cards can net you around $8.00 to $10.00 per day (depending upon the cryptocurrency you choose), or around $250-$300 per month.
The two catches are:
1) The up-front investment in purchasing 4 ASIC processors or 4 AMD Radeon graphic processing units
2) The market value of cryptocoins
Now, there is a small chance that your chosen digital currency will jump in value alongside Bitcoin at some point. Then, possibly, you could find yourself sitting on thousands of dollars in cryptocoins. The emphasis here is on "small chance," with small meaning "slightly better than winning the lottery."
If you do decide to try cryptocoin mining, definitely do so as a hobby with a very small income return. Think of it as "gathering gold dust" instead of collecting actual gold nuggets. And always, always, do your research to avoid a scam currency.

How Cryptocoin Mining Works

Let's focus on mining scrypt coins, namely Litecoins, Dogecoins, or Feathercoins. The whole focus of mining is to accomplish three things:
- Provide bookkeeping services to the coin network. Mining is essentially 24/7 computer accounting called "verifying transactions."
- Get paid a small reward for your accounting services by receiving fractions of coins every couple of days.
- Keep your personal costs down, including electricity and hardware.

The Laundry List: What You Will Need to Mine Cryptocoins


https://preview.redd.it/gx65tcz0ncg31.jpg?width=1280&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=f99b79d0ff96fe7d529dc20d52964b46306fb070
You will need ten things to mine Litecoins, Dogecoins, and/or Feathercoins.
1) A free private database called a coin wallet. This is a password-protected container that stores your earnings and keeps a network-wide ledger of transactions.
2) A free mining software package, like this one from AMD, typically made up of cgminer and stratum.
3) A membership in an online mining pool, which is a community of miners who combine their computers to increase profitability and income stability.
4) Membership at an online currency exchange, where you can exchange your virtual coins for conventional cash, and vice versa.
5) A reliable full-time internet connection, ideally 2 megabits per second or faster speed.
6) A hardware setup location in your basement or other cool and air-conditioned space.
7) A desktop or custom-built computer designed for mining. Yes, you may use your current computer to start, but you won't be able to use the computer while the miner is running. A separate dedicated computer is ideal. Do not use a laptop, gaming console or handheld device to mine. These devices just are not effective enough to generate income.
8) An ATI graphics processing unit (GPU) or a specialized processing device called a mining ASIC chip. The cost will be anywhere from $90 used to $3000 new for each GPU or ASIC chip. The GPU or ASIC will be the workhorse of providing the accounting services and mining work.
10) A house fan to blow cool air across your mining computer. Mining generates substantial heat, and cooling the hardware is critical for your success.
11) You absolutely need a strong appetite of personal curiosity for reading and constant learning, as there are ongoing technology changes and new techniques for optimizing coin mining results. The most successful coin miners spend hours every week studying the best ways to adjust and improve their coin mining performance.

Original Blog Post: https://www.lifewire.com/cryptocoin-mining-for-beginners-2483064
submitted by Tokenberry to NewbieZone [link] [comments]

Start Here for Much Wallet WOW!

EDIT 2017-02-10: A word about Nodes

There is a discussion about nodes that came up today, where it seems I'm discouraging people from running the full QT/Core client. Yes and No. What I'm trying to make sure people understand is how things work, and that it is NOT mandatory to run a client in order to use Dogecoins (and yes, I realise that browser-based tools like coinb.in and wallet sweepers are 'clients' by strict definition).
That said, more nodes is absolutely a good thing for the network. Preferrably full nodes. How do you run a full node? Just run Core/QT and open up Port 22556 on your router so it can connect to more than 8 peers. What will it cost you? You need your machine to be on 24/7/365, you need enough storage for the full blockchain (currently about 20Gb. Bitcoin is over 120Gb) and enough bandwidth to keep it in sync and share blocks with peers. A couple of Gb a month, most likely. This is best done with a desktop on a wired broadband link. Or maybe a hosted VM in the cloud. :)

EDIT 2017-01-09: Wallets WITHOUT Clients

Since I started helping people on /BitcoinBeginners, I'm getting a lot of questions about how to use wallets without running clients or trusting third parties. So here are a couple of resources that will make that possible, and not just for Dogecoin:
Multi-Coin Wallet Generator Now supporting 129 currencies! Coinb.in Start by setting the currency, found in the gear wheel in the Broadcast tab. Dogecoin Wallet Sweeper Redeem 'paper' wallets containing up to about 100 UTXOs. Bitinfo Charts My favourite block explorer, handles a bunch of cryptos.
Using these resources, it is possible to hold, receive and spend coins in various currencies, without having to run QT or a 'lite' client. You can also download and run the pages on your own device.

EDIT 2016-11-23: SEMANTICS about MINING! :P

Even though there is already a section on mining below, it has been suggested given the huge number of posts on the subject that this needs to be made clearer. Since people get their panties in a twist over the word 'dead', lets change that...

MINING IS DEAD!

MINING DOGECOIN IS UNPROFITABLE!

Put simply, there is no way to mine Dogecoin and make a profit because of the massive hashpower provided by industrial-scale Litecoin miners. Mining Doge directly stopped being viable when our hashrate exploded with the introduction of AuxPoW. Mining with CPU's and GPU's died when ASICs were introduced. And mining with a laptop WILL kill your laptop and cost you a fortune to repair or replace. Mining Litecoin with an exchange that also mines Doge and others will earn less than the electricity consumed, and you won't recover your costs. Probably ever, but certainly not in any reasonable time.
Mining other currencies may be a thing, but that's beyond our scope here. This is /Dogecoin, not /GetRichMiningCryptos after all. If you want to mine the newest scamcoin for fun and profit, look elsewhere for advice. :/
Oh, and most important:

READ BEFORE YOU POST!

At any given time, there are half a dozen posts on the frontpage just like the one you're about to write, where the answers have already been given. Read them. Don't make people waste their time repeating themselves because you were too lazy to bother reading stuff. :P
So there I was, having a quiet Sundy arvo bludge, as you do, when 42points turned up on Facebook and asked me to write a new sticky post for /dogecoin. Why would he do this, when he should be having a bludge himself, I hear you ask? Well, seems he was doing exactly that, and wanted to fob off the work he’s too slack to do himself. ;) Ah well, being a sucker for punishment, I’ll grudgingly oblige I guess.
OK, first things first.

The Clients:

Dogecoin Core 1.10.0 2015-Nov-01
Bootstrap file for Core to save some download time.
Dogecoin Core Guide Wiki
MultiDoge v0.1.7 2016-Jan-31
Android Dogecoin Wallet 2.0.8 2016-Jan-18
Android Coinomi Wallet
Java Cate 0.14 alpha 2 Multicoin wallet 2016-Feb-14
Exodus multicoin wallet
iOS Doughwallet

Do you REALLY need a client?

Wallet ELI5
UTXO ELI5
Paper Wallet Generator
Sample HTML Wallet List
Dogetipbot subreddit and website
Dogechain Wallet
Block.io Wallet
Exchanges
BTC38
Poloniex
CoinSpot
ShapeShift - Not really an exchange, rather a currency trader.

Mining

Litecoinpool
Prohashing
Zpool

Explorers

BitInfoCharts - My favourite, has charts!
chain.so
dogechain.info
/dogecoindev where the devs hang out

More Info

Dogeducation
Technical Wiki
Preev currency value calculator

EDITS:

From peoplma
I was wondering if you could add just a couple things. A link to the coinomi android wallet, it's probably the best one out there. And a sentence somewhere along the lines of "if you need help with any dogecoin software you are welcome to make a post, but PLEASE include your OS, version number of the client, and any relevant transaction IDs that you are willing to share" if you can fit that in somewhere.
Also, if you want to link to Prohashing, I'm pretty sure it's the only Scrypt mining pool that will actually pay out in doge. The others I know of pay out in litecoin or bitcoin. And it's a profit switching multipool, so gives a better return than just mining ltc/doge.
And there's these two wiki articles I thought would be helpful to link /dogecoin/wiki/technical for those technically minded newbies or intermediate users who want to dig a little deeper. And maybe a link to /dogecoin/wiki/dogecoincoreguide next to the link for dogecoin core.
From pts2002
Finally a proper sticky post! Here's some other stuff you could add:
zpool.ca mining pool - You can get paid in pretty much any coin, and you can mine in multiple algos (currently mining lyra2v2 with my GPU). Doing about 500Ð/day
shapeshift.io exchange - My favourite exchange, quick and easy. No registration required!
Also, you should add some blockchain explorers!
chain.so - Support for bitcoin, litecoin and doge.
dogechain.info - Official blockchain explorer. Includes a wallet (already mentioned). Live update currently not working (?)
EDIT: Here's another thing I found!
preev.com currency value calculator - Easy way to check the value of your dogecoins (or bitcoins, or litecoins, or peercoins)!
submitted by Fulvio55 to dogecoin [link] [comments]

Pro Tip: How to turn your Reddit feed into a crypto aggregator

It's really simple.
Step 1) Unsubscribe from every other subreddit
Step 2) Subscribe to this list of crypto subreddits
Step 3) Train Reddit's homepage by upvoting threads in your favorite subreddits
Hope this helps. I've been using it for a month and it saves me enormous amounts of time.
http://www.reddit.com/Aeon
http://www.reddit.com/altcoin
http://www.reddit.com/Ardor
http://www.reddit.com/Augur
http://www.reddit.com/Best_of_Crypto
http://www.reddit.com/Bitcoin
http://www.reddit.com/bitcoin_devlist
http://www.reddit.com/bitcoin_uncensored
http://www.reddit.com/bitcoin_unlimited
http://www.reddit.com/BitcoinBeginners
http://www.reddit.com/BitcoinMarkets
http://www.reddit.com/BitcoinMining
http://www.reddit.com/BitcoinSerious
http://www.reddit.com/bitcoinxt
http://www.reddit.com/BitMarket
http://www.reddit.com/BitShares
http://www.reddit.com/blackcoin
http://www.reddit.com/BlockChain
http://www.reddit.com/btc
http://www.reddit.com/burstcoin
http://www.reddit.com/BytecoinBCN
http://www.reddit.com/crypto
http://www.reddit.com/CryptoCurrencies
http://www.reddit.com/CryptoCurrency
http://www.reddit.com/CryptoCurrencyTrading
http://www.reddit.com/CryptoKitties
http://www.reddit.com/CryptoMarkets
http://www.reddit.com/DashCoin
http://www.reddit.com/dashmarket
http://www.reddit.com/dashous
http://www.reddit.com/dashpay
http://www.reddit.com/DashTrader
http://www.reddit.com/decred
http://www.reddit.com/Digibyte
http://www.reddit.com/digix
http://www.reddit.com/dogecoin
http://www.reddit.com/DoItForTheCoin
http://www.reddit.com/DRKCoin
http://www.reddit.com/EmerCoin
http://www.reddit.com/ethdapps
http://www.reddit.com/ethdev
http://www.reddit.com/ethereum
http://www.reddit.com/EthereumClassic
http://www.reddit.com/EtherMining
http://www.reddit.com/Etherwork
http://www.reddit.com/ethinvestor
http://www.reddit.com/ethtrader
http://www.reddit.com/factom
http://www.reddit.com/GolemProject
http://www.reddit.com/gridcoin
http://www.reddit.com/icocrypto
http://www.reddit.com/ICONOMI
http://www.reddit.com/Jobs4Crypto
http://www.reddit.com/komodoplatform
http://www.reddit.com/lbry
http://www.reddit.com/Liberland
http://www.reddit.com/Lisk
http://www.reddit.com/litecoin
http://www.reddit.com/LitecoinMarkets
http://www.reddit.com/litecoinmining
http://www.reddit.com/Livecoinwatch
http://www.reddit.com/LivingOnBitcoin
http://www.reddit.com/maidsafe
http://www.reddit.com/mastercoin
http://www.reddit.com/mazacoin
http://www.reddit.com/melonproject
http://www.reddit.com/MintCoin
http://www.reddit.com/Monero
http://www.reddit.com/myriadcoin
http://www.reddit.com/Namecoin
http://www.reddit.com/nem
http://www.reddit.com/Neotrader
http://www.reddit.com/news
http://www.reddit.com/NiceHash
http://www.reddit.com/NobleCoin
http://www.reddit.com/NuBits
http://www.reddit.com/NXT
http://www.reddit.com/nyancoins
http://www.reddit.com/peercoin
http://www.reddit.com/pivx
http://www.reddit.com/PoloniexForum
http://www.reddit.com/primecoin
http://www.reddit.com/QuarkCoin
http://www.reddit.com/reddCoin
http://www.reddit.com/reptrader
http://www.reddit.com/Ripple
http://www.reddit.com/ripplers
http://www.reddit.com/SafeMarket
http://www.reddit.com/Shadowcash
http://www.reddit.com/shapeshiftio
http://www.reddit.com/siacoin
http://www.reddit.com/Stealthcoin
http://www.reddit.com/steemit
http://www.reddit.com/storj
http://www.reddit.com/stratisplatform
http://www.reddit.com/supernet
http://www.reddit.com/TaCoCoin
http://www.reddit.com/Terracoin
http://www.reddit.com/Tether
http://www.reddit.com/vertcoin
http://www.reddit.com/worldnews
http://www.reddit.com/xmrtrader
http://www.reddit.com/ZcashMiners
http://www.reddit.com/zec
submitted by dogmanto to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Bitcoin miner Easyminer Video Setup - YouTube Cubieboard 1, 2 - Mining Peercoins (SHA-256 based) Cryptocurrency Difference Between Bitcoin, Peercoin and Dogecoin Peercoin vs Bitcoin Bitcoin Mania! But there's LiteCoin and PeerCoin (x_x)

der ASIC Hardware Antminer l3 ist ein Altcoin-Miner, der keine Kryptowährungen mit dem SHA-256 Algorithmus schürft. Ergo, er kann z.B. nicht Bitcoin minen, Litecoin jedoch sehr wohl – genau. Als Mining Pool ist MinerGate für deinen Spezialfall sicherlich eine gute Alternative zum Minen auf eigene Faust. Bitte schaue auch, ob du mit deiner ... I was wondering how I could mine peercoin - I already have experience mining Bitcoins and Litecoins, yet I can't seem to find any software where I can mine them - I would like to be able to mine them on my mac with a GPU, so any applications, or terminal commands would be a great help... I already have my Peercoin wallet and everything set up. I have tried CGMiner except in the recent update ... Dec 16, 2018 - cryptocurrency crypto cyrrency bitcoin litecoin ripple dogecoin peercoin blockchain block chain currencies omni SmartCash Ethereum XRP Bitcoin Cash EOS Stellar Tether Cardano Monero Dash IOTA TRON NEO Ethereum Classic Binance Coin Tezos NEM VeChain Dogecoin Zcash OmiseGO Bitcoin Gold Bytecoin kucoin ku coin kucoin shares Auf Platz vier folgt Peercoin. Der Marktwert beträgt zurzeit rund 58 Millionen US-Dollar. Der Coin wurde im August 2012 ins Leben gerufen und ist im Gegensatz zum Vorbild Bitcoin energiesparender * Bitcoin Price at $12,964.88 USD. Disclaimer: The estimated mining rewards are based on a statistical calculation using the values entered and do not account for difficulty and/or exchange rate fluctuations, stale/reject/orphan rates, and/or a pool's mining luck. Peercoin Mining Calculator Inputs. Peercoin Mining Difficulty Peercoin Block Reward Peercoin Price; 2,758,786,220.00 55.17 PPC: $0 ...

[index] [18410] [13870] [4549] [30264] [39837] [35890] [24009] [26667] [8866] [12529]

Bitcoin miner Easyminer Video Setup - YouTube

#bitcoin #peercoin #dogecoin (http://blog.gocoin.com/bitcoin-litecoin-peercoin-dogecoin/) The Differences between Bitcoin, Litecoin, Peercoin,Dogecoin and ot... I found a new purpose for my Cubieboard 2, to give work to Antminers and have them mine Peercoins (a SHA-256 base cryptocurrency similar to Bitcoin). Each non-overclocked Antminer mines at a rate ... Why Peercoin is better than Bitcoin. For the Love of Physics - Walter Lewin - May 16, 2011 - Duration: 1:01:26. Lectures by Walter Lewin. top altcoins, bitcoin today, price of bitcoin, crypto trading pro, trade bot free 2018, trading bitcoin, best crypto trade bot, free crypto bot, free trading... Learn how to use and setup a bitcoin miner to earn bitcoins , litecoins , dogeecoins etc. Download miner from https://easyminer.net/Downloads/

#